Reference manual

This document is Copyright © 2010-2015 by its contributors as listed below. You may distribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either the GNU General Public License (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html), version 3 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), version 3.0 or later.

All trademarks within this guide belong to their legitimate owners.

Contributors

Jean-Pierre Charras, Fabrizio Tappero.

Feedback

Please direct any bug reports, suggestions or new versions to here:

Publication date and software version

Published on may 30, 2015.

1. Introduction to Eeschema

1.1. Description

Eeschema is powerful schematic capture software distributed as part of KiCad and available under the following operating systems:

  • Linux

  • Apple OS X

  • Windows

Regardless of the OS, all Eeschema files are 100% compatible from one OS to another.

Eeschema is an integrated application where all functions of drawing, control, layout, library management and access to the PCB design software are carried out within Eeschema itself.

Eeschema is intended to work with PcbNew, which is KiCad’s printed circuit design software. It can also export netlist files, which list all the electrical connections, for other packages.

Eeschema includes a component symbol editor, which can create and edit components and manage libraries. It also integrates the following additional but essential functions needed for modern schematic capture software:

  • Electrical rules check (ERC) for the automatic control of incorrect and missing connections

  • Export of plot files in many formats (Postscript, PDF, HPGL, and SVG)

  • Bill of Materials generation (via Python scripts, which allow many configurable formats).

1.2. Technical overview

Eeschema is limited only by the available memory. There is thus no real limitation to the number of components, component pins, connections, or sheets. In the case of multi-sheet diagrams, the representation is hierarchical.

Eeschema can use multi-sheet diagrams of these types:

  • Simple hierarchies (each schematic is used only once).

  • Complex hierarchies (some schematics are used more than once with multiple instances).

  • Flat hierarchies (schematics are not explicitly connected in a master diagram).

2. Generic Eeschema commands

2.1. Access to Eeschema commands

You can reach the various commands by:

  • Clicking on the menu bar (top of screen).

  • Clicking on the icons on top of the screen (general commands).

  • Clicking on the icons on the right side of the screen (particular commands or "tools").

  • Clicking on the icons on the left side of the screen (display options).

  • Pressing the mouse buttons (important complementary commands). In particular a right click opens a contextual menu for the element under the cursor (Zoom, grid and edition of the elements).

  • Function keys (F1, F2, F3, F4, Insert and space keys). Specifically: The "Escape" key often allows the canceling of a command in progress. The "Insert" key allows the duplication of the last element created.

Here are the various possible command locations:

commands overview

2.2. Mouse commands

2.2.1. Basic commands

Left button

  • Single click: displays the characteristics of the component or text under the cursor in the status bar.

  • Double click: edit (if the element is editable) the component or text.

Right button

  • Opens a pop-up menu.

2.2.2. Operations on blocks

You can move, drag, copy and delete selected areas in all Eeschema menus.

Areas are selected by dragging a box around them using the left mouse button.

Holding "Shift", "Ctrl", or "Shift + Ctrl" during selection respectively performs copying, dragging, and deletion:

left mouse button

Move selection.

Shift + left mouse button

Copy selection.

Ctrl + left mouse button

Drag selection.

Ctrl + Shift + left mouse button

Delete selection.

When dragging or copying, you can:

  • Click again to place the elements.

  • Click the right button to cancel.

If a block move command has started, another command can be selected via the pop-up menu (mouse, right button):

main window popup

2.3. Hotkeys

  • The "?" key displays the current hotkey list.

  • Hotkeys can be managed by choosing "Edit Hotkeys" in the Preferences menu.

Here is the default hot key list:

Default hotkey list

All hot keys can be redefined by the user via the hotkey editor:

Hotkeys editor window

2.4. Selecting grid size

In Eeschema, the cursor moves over a grid, which can be displayed or hidden. The grid is always displayed in the library manager.

You can change the grid size via the pop-up menu or via the Preferences/Options menu.

The default grid size is 50 mil (0.050") or 1,27 millimeters.

This is the prefered grid to place components and wires in a schematic, and to place pins when designing a symbol in the Component Editor.

One can also work with a smaller grid from 25 mil to 10 mil. This is only intended for designing the component body or placing text and comments, not for placing pins and wires.

2.5. Zoom selection

To change the zoom level:

  • Right click to open the Pop-up menu and select the desired zoom.

  • Or use the function keys:

    • F1: Zoom in

    • F2: Zoom out

    • F4 or simply click on the middle mouse button (without moving the mouse): Center the view around the cursor pointer position

  • Window Zoom:

    • Mouse wheel: Zoom in/out

    • Shift+Mouse wheel: Pan up/down

    • Ctrl+Mouse wheel: Pan left/right

2.6. Displaying cursor coordinates

The display units are in inches or millimeters. However, Eeschema always works internally in 0.001-inch (mil/thou) units.

The following information is displayed at the bottom right hand side of the window:

  • The zoom factor

  • The absolute position of the cursor

  • The relative position of the cursor

The relative coordinates can be reset to zero with the space bar. This is useful for making measurements between two points.

status_bar

2.7. Top menu bar

The top menu bar allows the opening and saving of schematics, program configuration, and viewing the documentation.

menubar

2.8. Upper toolbar

This toolbar gives access to the main functions of Eeschema.

If Eeschema is run in standalone mode, this is the available tool set:

images/toolbar_schedit_standalone.png

If Eeschema is run from the project manager (KiCad), this is the available tool set:

images/toolbar_schedit.png

Tools to initialize a project are not available, because these tools are in the Project Manager.

new schematic icon

Create a new schematic (only in standalone mode).

Open schematic icon

Open a schematic (only in standalone mode).

icons/save_png

Save complete (hierarchical) schematic.

Page Settings icon

Select the sheet size and edit the title block.

icons/print_button_png

Open print dialog.

icons/cut_button_png

Remove the selected elements during a block move.

icons/copyblock_png

Copy selected elements to the clipboard during a block move.

icons/paste_png

Copy last selected element or block in the current sheet.

icons/undo_png

Undo: Cancel the last change (up to 10 levels).

icons/redo_png

Redo (up to 10 levels).

search icon

Call the dialog to search components and texts in the schematic.

search replace icon

Call the dialog to search and replace texts in the schematic.

icons/zoom_in icons/zoom_out

Zoom in and out.

icons/zoom_redraw icons/zoom_fit_in_page_png

Refresh screen; zoom to fit.

hierarchy navigator icon

View and navigate the hierarchy tree.

icons/leave_sheet

Leave the current sheet and go up in the hierarchy.

icons/libedit_png

Call component editor Libedit to view and modify libraries and component symbols.

icons/library_browse_png

Display libraries (Viewlib).

icons_annotate_png

Annotate components.

ERC icon

Electrical rules check (ERC), automatically validate electrical connections.

Netlist icon

Export a netlist (Pcbnew, SPICE, and other formats).

BOM icon

Generate the BOM (Bill of Materials).

edit_module icon

Edit footprint.

run cvpcb icon

Call CvPcb to assign footprints to components.

icons/pcbnew_png

Call Pcbnew to perform a PCB layout.

Import Footprint Names icon

Back-import component footprints (selected using CvPcb) into the "footprint" fields.

2.9. Right toolbar icons

This toolbar contains tools to:

  • Place components, wires, buses, junctions, labels, text, etc.

  • Create hierarchical sub-sheets and connection symbols

images/toolbar_schedit_rightside.png

icons/cursor_png

Cancel the active command or tool.

icons/hierarchy_cursor_png

Hierarchy navigation: this tool makes it possible to open the subsheet of the displayed schematic (click in the symbol of this subsheet), or to go back up in the hierarchy (click in a free area of the schematic).

New Component icon

Display the component selector.

Add Power icon

Display the power symbol selector.

icons/add_line_png

Draw a wire.

icons/add_bus_png

Draw a bus.

icons/add_line2bus_png

Draw wire-to-bus entry points. These elements are only graphical and do not create a connection, thus they should not be used to connect wires together.

icons/add_bus2bus_png

Draw bus-to-bus entry points.

icons/noconn_png

Place a "No Connect" flag. These are placed on component pins which are not to be connected. This is useful in the ERC function to check if pins are intentionally left not connected or are missed.

icons/add_junction_png

Place a junction. This connects two crossing wires, or a wire and a pin, when it can be ambiguous. (i.e. if an end of the wire or pin is not connected to one of the ends of the other wire).

icons/add_line_label_png

Local label placement. Two wires may be connected with identical labels in the same sheet. For connections between two different sheets, you have to use global or hierarchical labels.

Global label icon

Place a global label. All global labels with the same name are connected, even between different sheets.

icons/add_hierarchical_label_png

Place a hierarchical label. This makes it possible to place a connection between a sheet and the parent sheet that contains it.

icons/add_hierarchical_subsheet_png

Place a hierarchical subsheet. You must specify the file name for this subsheet.

icons/import_hierarchical_label_png

Import hierarchical labels from a subsheet. These hierarchical labels must already be placed in the subsheet. These are equivalent to pins on a component, and must be connected using wires.

icons/add_hierar_pin_png

Place hierarchical label in a subsheet symbol. This is placed by name and does not require the label to already exist in the subsheet itself.

icons/add_dashed_line_png

Draw a line. These are only graphical and do not connect anything.

icons/add_text_png

Place textual comments. These are only graphical.

icons/image_png

Place a bitmap image.

icons/cancel_png

Delete selected element.

If several superimposed elements are selected, the priority is given to the smallest (in the decreasing priorities: junction, "No Connect", wire, bus, text, component). This also applies to hierarchical sheets. Note: the "Undelete" function of the general toolbar allows you to cancel last deletions.

2.10. Left toolbar icons

This toolbar manages the display options:

icons/grid

Show/Hide the grid.

icons/unit_inch

Switch to inches.

icons/unit_mm

Switch to millimeters.

icons/cursor_shape

Choose the cursor shape.

icons/hidden_pin

Visibility of "invisible" pins.

icons/lines90

Allowed orientation of wires and buses.

2.11. Pop-up menus and quick editing

A right-click opens a contextual menu for the selected element. This contains:

  • Zoom factor.

  • Grid adjustment.

  • Commonly edited parameters of the selected element.

Pop-up without selected element.

1000000000000134000001411D7B987C_png

Editing of a label.

1000000000000198000001DF29593D94_png

Editing a component.

10000000000001AC000001C185B85332_png

3. Main top menu

3.1. File menu

File menu

New Schematic Project

Clear current schematic and initialize a new one

Open Schematic Project

Load a schematic hierarchy

Open Recent

Open a list of recently opened files

Append Schematic Sheet

Insert the contents of another sheet into the current one

Save Schematic Project

Save current sheet and all its hierarchy.

Save Current Sheet Only

Save current sheet, but not others in a hierarchy.

Save Current Sheet As…

Save current sheet with a new name.

Page Settings

Configure page dimensions and title block.

Print

Print schematic hierarchy (See also chapter Plot and Print).

Plot

Export to PDF, PostScript, HPGL or SVG format (See chapter Plot and Print).

Close

Quit without saving.

3.2. Preferences menu

3.2.1. Preferences

Preferences menu

Component Libraries

Select libraries and library search path.

Set Colors Scheme

Select colors for display, print and plot.

Schematic Editor Options

General options (units, grid size, field names, etc.).

Language

Select interface language.

Hotkeys

List, edit, export, and import hotkey settings.

Save Preferences

Save the project settings to the .pro file.

Load Preferences

Load the project settings from a .pro file.

3.2.2. Preferences menu / Component Libraries

Library settings

This dialog is used to configure component libraries and search paths. The configuration parameters are saved in the .pro file. Different configuration files in different directories are also possible.

Eeschema searches, in order:

  1. The configuration file (projectname.pro) in the current directory.

  2. The kicad.pro configuration file in the KiCad directory. This file can thus be the default configuration.

  3. Default values if no file is found. It will at least then be necessary to fill out the list of libraries to load, and then save the configuration.

The Check for cache/library conflicts at schematic load box is used to configure the library conflict rescue behavior. See Rescuing Cached Components for more information about that.

3.2.3. Preferences menu / Set Color Scheme

Color settings

Color scheme for various graphic elements, and background color selection (either black or white).

3.2.4. Preferences menu / Schematic Editor Options

Schematic Editor Options

Measurement units:

Select the display and the cursor coordinate units (inches or millimeters).

Grid Size:

Grid size selection.

It is recommended to work with normal grid (0.050 inches or 1,27 mm). Smaller grids are used for component building.

Default bus width:

Pen size used to draw buses.

Default line width:

Pen size used to draw objects that do not have a specified pen size.

Default text size:

Text size used when creating new text items or labels

Repeat draw item horizontal displacement

increment on X axis during element duplication (usual value 0)

(after placing an item like a component, label or wire,

a duplication is made by the Insert key)

Repeat draw item vertical displacement

increment on Y axis during element duplication (usual value is 0.100 inches or 2,54 mm)

Repeat label increment:

Increment of label value during duplication of texts ending in a number, such as bus members (usual value 1 or -1).

Auto save time interval:

Time in minutes between saving backups.

Part id notation:

Style of suffix that is used to denote component parts (U1A, U1.A, U1-1, etc.)

Show Grid:

If checked: display grid.

Show hidden pins:

Display invisible (or hidden) pins, typically power pins. If checked, allows the display of power pins.

Do not center and warp cursor on zoom:

When zooming, keep the position and cursor where they are.

Use middle mouse button to pan

When enabled, the sheet can be dragged around using the middle mouse button.

Limit panning to scroll size

When enabled, the middle mouse button cannot move the sheet area outside the displayed area.

Pan while moving object

If checked, automatically shifts the window if the cursor leaves the window during drawing or moving.

Allow buses and wires to be placed in H or V orientation only

If checked, buses and wires can only be vertical or horizontal.

Otherwise, buses and wires can be placed at any orientation.

Show page limits

If checked, shows the page boundaries on screen.

3.2.5. Preferences and Language

Use default mode. Other languages are available mainly for development purposes.

3.3. Help menu

Access to on-line help (this document) for an extensive tutorial about KiCad. Use “Copy Version Information” when submitting bug reports to identify your build and system.

4. General Top Toolbar

4.1. Sheet management

The Sheet Settings icon, Sheet Settings icon , allows you to define the sheet size and the contents of the title block.

Page Settings

Sheet numbering is automatically updated. You can set the date to today by pressing the left arrow button by "Issue Date", but it will not be automatically changed.

4.2. Options of the schematic editor

4.2.1. General options

Schematic Editor Options

4.2.2. Template fields names

You can define custom fields that will exist by default in each component (even if left empty).

Template Field Names settings

4.3. Search tool

The Find icon, Find icon , can be used to access the search tool.

Find dialog

You can search for a reference, a value, or a text string in the current sheet or in the whole hierarchy. Once found, the cursor will be positioned on the found element in the relevant sub-sheet.

4.4. Netlist tool

The Netlist icon, Netlist icon , opens the netlist generation tool.

The netlist file it creates describes all connections in the entire hierarchy.

In a multisheet hierarchy, any local label is visible only inside the sheet to which it belongs. Thus, the label TOTO of sheet 3 is different from the label TOTO of sheet 5 (if no connection has been intentionally introduced to connect them). This is due to the fact that the sheet name path is internally associated with the local label.

Note 1:

Label lengths have no limitations in Eeschema, but the software exploiting the generated netlist can be limited on this point.

Note 2:

Avoid spaces in the labels, because they will appear as separated words. It is not a limitation of Eeschema, but of many netlist formats, which often assume that a label has no spaces.

Netlist dialog

Option:

Default Format:

Check to select Pcbnew as the default format.

Other formats can also be generated:

  • Orcad PCB2

  • CadStar

  • Spice, for simulators

External plugins can be launched to extend the netlist formats list (a PadsPcb Plugin was added here).

4.5. Annotation tool

The icon icons_annotate_png gives access to the annotation tool. This tool performs an automatic naming of all components in the schematic.

For multi-part components (such as 7400 TTL which contains 4 gates), a multi-part suffix is also allocated (thus a 7400 TTL designated U3 will be divided into U3A, U3B, U3C and U3D).

You can unconditionally annotate all the components, or only the new components, i.e. those which were not previously annotated.

annotate-dialog_img

Scope

  1. Use the entire schematic. All the sheets are re-annotated (usual Option).

  2. Use the current page only. Only the current sheet is re-annotated (this option is to be used only in special cases, for example to evaluate the amount of resistors in the current sheet.).

  3. Keep existing annotation. Conditional annotation, only the new components will be re-annotated (usual option).

  4. Reset existing annotation. Unconditional annotation, all the components will be re-annotated (this option is to be used when there are duplicated references).

  5. Reset, but do not swap any annotated multi-unit parts. This keeps all groups of multiple units (e.g. U2A, U2B) together when reannotating.

Annotation Order

Selects the order in which components will be numbered.

Annotation Choice

Selects the method by which numbers will be selected.

4.6. Electrical Rules Check tool

The icon ERC icon gives access to the electrical rules check (ERC) tool.

This tool performs a design verification and is particularly useful to detect forgotten connections, and inconsistencies.

Once you have run the ERC, Eeschema places markers to highlight problems. The diagnosis can then be given by left clicking on the marker. An error file can also be generated.

4.6.1. Main ERC dialog

ERC dialog

Errors are displayed in the Electrical Rules Checker dialog box:

  • Total count of errors and warnings.

  • Errors count.

  • Warnings count.

Option:

  • Create ERC file report: check this option to generate an ERC report file.

Commands:

  • Delete Markers: to remove all ERC error/warnings markers.

  • Run: to perform an Electrical Rules Check.

  • Close: to exit this dialog box.

Note:

  • Clicking on an error message jumps to the corresponding marker in the schematic.

4.6.2. ERC options dialog

ERC Options dialog

This tab allows you to establish connectivity rules between pins; you can choose between 3 options for each case:

  • No error

  • Warning

  • Error

Each square of the matrix can be modified by clicking on it.

4.7. Bill of Material tool

The icon BOM icon gives access to the bill of materials (BOM) generator. This menu allows the generation of a file listing of the components and/or hierarchical connections (global labels).

BOM dialog

Eeschema’s BOM generator makes use of external plugins, generally in XSLT or Python form. Some are provided, and will be installed inside the KiCad program files directory.

A useful set of component properties to use for a BOM are:

  • Value - unique name for each part used.

  • Footprint - either manually entered or back-annotated (see below).

  • Field1 - Manufacturer’s name.

  • Field2 - Manufacturer’s Part Number.

  • Field3 - Distributor’s Part Number.

For example:

Component Properties dialog

4.8. Import tool for footprint assignment:

4.8.1. Access:

The icon Import Footprint Names icon gives access to the back-annotate tool.

This tool allows footprint changes made in PcbNew to be imported back into the footprint fields in Eeschema.

5. Schematic Creation and Editing

5.1. Introduction

A schematic can be represented by a single sheet, but, if big enough, it will require several sheets.

A schematic represented by several sheets is hierarchical, and all its sheets (each one represented by its own file) constitute an Eeschema project. The manipulation of hierarchical schematics will be described in the Hierarchical Schematics chapter.

5.2. General considerations

A schematic designed with Eeschema is more than a simple graphic representation of an electronic device. It is normally the entry point of a development chain that allows for:

A schematic mainly consists of components, wires, labels, junctions, buses and power ports. For clarity in the schematic, you can place purely graphical elements like bus entries, comments, and polylines.

5.3. The development chain

dev-chain_png

Components are added to the schematic from component libraries. After the schematic is made, a netlist is generated, which is later used to import the set of connections and footprints into PcbNew.

5.4. Component placement and editing

5.4.1. Find and place a component

To load a component into your schematic you can use the icon New Component icon . A dialog box allows you to type the name of the component to load.

Choose Component dialog

The Choose Component dialog will filter components by name, keywords, and description according to what you type into the search field.

Before placing the component in the schematic, you can rotate it, mirror it, and edit its fields, by either using the hotkeys or the right-click context menu. This can be done the same way after placement.

Here is a component during placement:

component during placement

5.4.2. Power ports

A power port symbol is a component (the symbols are grouped in the “power” library), so they can be placed using the component chooser. However, as power placements are frequent, the Add Power icon tool is available. This tool is similar, except that the search is done directly in the “power” library.

5.4.3. Component Editing and Modification (already placed component)

There are two ways to edit a component:

  • Modification of the component itself: position, orientation, unit selection on a multi-unit component.

  • Modification of one of the fields of the component: reference, value, footprint, etc.

When a component has just been placed, you may have to modify its value (particularly for resistors, capacitors, etc.), but it is useless to assign to it a reference number right away, or to select the unit (except for components with locked units, which you have to assign manually). This can be done automatically by the annotation function.

Component modification

To modify some feature of a component, position the cursor on the component, and then either:

  • Double-click on the component to open the full editing dialog.

  • Right-click to open the context menu and use one of the commands: Move, Orientation, Edit, Delete, etc.

Text fields modification

You can modify the reference, value, position, orientation, text size and visibility of the fields:

  • Double-click on the text field to modify it.

  • Right-click to open the context menu and use one of the commands: Move, Rotate, Edit, Delete, etc.

For more options, or in order to create fields, double-click on the component to open the Component Properties dialog.

Component Properties dialog

Each field can be visible or hidden, and displayed horizontally or vertically. The displayed position is always indicated for a normally displayed component (no rotation or mirroring) and is relative to the anchor point of the component.

The option “Reset to Library Defaults” set the component to the original orientation, and resets the options, size and position of each field. However, texts fields are not modified because this could break the schematic.

5.5. Wires, Buses, Labels, Power ports

5.5.1. Introduction

All these drawing elements can also be placed with the tools on the vertical right toolbar.

These elements are:

  • Wires: most connections between components.

  • Buses: to graphically join bus labels

  • Polylines: for graphic presentation.

  • Junctions: to create connections between crossing wires or buses.

  • Bus entries: to show connections between wires and buses. Graphical only!

  • Labels: for labeling or creating connections.

  • Global labels: for connections between sheets.

  • Texts: for comments and annotations.

  • "No Connect" flags: to terminate a pin that does not need any connection.

  • Hierarchical sheets, and their connection pins.

5.5.2. Connections (Wires and Labels)

There are two ways to establish connection:

  • Pin to pin wires.

  • Labels.

The following figure shows the two methods:

Wires labels

Note 1:

The point of “contact” of a label is the lower left corner of the first letter of the label. This point is displayed with a small square when not connected.

This point must thus be in contact with the wire, or be superimposed at the end of a pin so that the label is seen as connected.

Note 2:

To establish a connection, a segment of wire must be connected by its ends to an another segment or to a pin.

If there is overlapping (if a wire passes over a pin, but without being connected to the pin end) there is no connection.

Note 3:

Wires that cross are not implicitly connected. It is necessary to join them with a junction dot if a connection is desired.

The previous figure (wires connected to DB25FEMALE pins 22, 21, 20, 19) shows such a case of connection using a junction symbol.

Note 4:

If two different labels are placed on the same wire, they are connected together and become equivalent: all the other elements connected to one or the other labels are then connected to all of them.

5.5.3. Connections (Buses)

In the following schematic, many pins are connected to buses.

Example schematic with buses
Bus members

From the schematic point of view, a bus is a collection of signals, starting with a common prefix, and ending with a number. For example, PCA0, PCA1, and PCA2 are members of the PCA bus.

The complete bus is named PCA[N..m], where N and m are the first and the last wire number of this bus. Thus if PCA has 20 members from 0 to 19, the complete bus is noted PCA[0..19]. A collection of signals like PCA0, PCA1, PCA2, WRITE, READ cannot be contained in a bus.

Connections between bus members

Pins connected between the same members of a bus must be connected by labels. It is not possible to connect a pin directly to a bus; this type of connection will be ignored by Eeschema.

In the example above, connections are made by the labels placed on wires connected to the pins. Bus entries (wire segments at 45 degrees) to buses are graphical only, and are not necessary to form logical connections.

In fact, using the repetition command (Insert key), connections can be very quickly made in the following way, if component pins are aligned in increasing order (a common case in practice on components such as memories, microprocessors…):

  • Place the first label (for example PCA0)

  • Use the repetition command as much as needed to place members. Eeschema will automatically create the next labels (PCA1, PCA2…) vertically aligned, theoretically on the position of the other pins.

  • Draw the wire under the first label. Then use the repetition command to place the other wires under the labels.

  • If needed, place the bus entries by the same way (Place the first entry, then use the repetition command).

Note

In the Preferences/Options menu, you can set the repetition parameters:

  • Vertical step.

  • Horizontal step.

  • Label increment (which can thus be incremented by 2, 3. or decremented).

Global connections between buses

You may need connections between buses, in order to link two buses having different names, or in the case of a hierarchy, to create connections between different sheets. You can make these connections in the following way.

Bus junction example

Buses PCA [0..15], ADR [0..7] and BUS [5..10] are connected together (note the junction here because the vertical bus wire joins the middle of the horizontal bus segment).

More precisely, the corresponding members are connected together : PCA0, ADR0 are connected, (as same as PCA1 and ADR1 … PCA7 and ADR7).

Furthermore, PCA5, BUS5 and ADR5 are connected (just as PCA6, BUS6 and ADR6 like PCA7, BUS7 and ADR7).

PCA8 and BUS8 are also connected (just as PCA9 and BUS9, PCA10 and BUS10)

5.5.4. Power ports connection

When the power pins of the components are visible, they must be connected, as for any other signal.

Components such as gates and flip-flops may have invisible power pins. Care must be taken with these because:

  • You cannot connect wires, because of their invisibility.

  • You do not know their names.

And moreover, it would be a bad idea to make them visible and to connect them like the other pins, because the schematic would become unreadable and not in accordance with usual conventions.

Note
If you want to enforce the display of these invisible power pins, you must check the option “Show invisible power pins” in the Preferences/Options dialog box of the main menu, or the icon images/icons/hidden_pin.png on the left (options) toolbar.

Eeschema automatically connects invisible power pins of the same name to the power net of that name. It may be necessary to join power nets of different names (for example, "GND" in TTL components and "VSS" in MOS components); use power ports for this.

It is not recommended to use labels for power connection. These only have a “local” connection scope, and would not connect the invisible power pins.

The figure below shows an example of power port connections.

Power ports example

In this example, ground (GND) is connected to power port VSS, and power port VCC is connected to VDD.

Two PWR_FLAG symbols are visible. They indicate that the two power ports VCC and GND are really connected to a power source. Without these two flags, the ERC tool would diagnose: Warning: power port not powered.

All these symbols are components of the schematic library “power”.

5.5.5. "No Connect" flag

These symbols are very useful to avoid undesired ERC warnings. The electric rules check ensures that no connection has been accidentally left unconnected.

If pins must really remain unconnected, it is necessary to place a "No Connect" flag (tool No connection icon ) on these pins. These symbols do not have any influence on the generated netlists.

5.6. Drawing Complements

5.6.1. Text Comments

It can be useful (to aid in understanding the schematic) to place annotations such as text fields and frames. Text fields (tool images/icons/add_text.png ) and Polyline (tool images/icons/add_dashed_line.png ) are intended for this use, contrary to labels and wires, which are connection elements.

Here you can find an example of a frame with a textual comment.

Frame with comment example

5.6.2. Sheet title block

The title block is edited with the tool Page Settings tool .

Page settings dialog
Title block

The sheet number (Sheet X/Y) is automatically updated.

5.7. Rescuing cached components

By default, Eeschema loads component symbols out of the libraries according to the set paths. This can cause a problem when loading a very old project: if the symbols in the library have changed since they were used in the project, the ones in the project would be automatically replaced with the new versions. The new versions might not line up correctly or might be oriented differently, leading to a broken schematic.

However, when a project is saved, a cache library is saved along with it. This allows the project to be distributed without the full libraries. If you load a project where symbols are present both in its cache and in the system libraries, Eeschema will scan the libraries for conflicts. Any conflicts found will be listed in the following dialog:

Rescue conflicts dialog

You can see in this example that the project originally used a diode with the cathode facing up, but the library now contains one with the cathode facing down. This change could ruin the project! Pressing OK here will cause the old symbol to be saved into a special “rescue” library, and all the components using that symbol will be renamed to avoid naming conflicts.

If you press Cancel, no rescues will be made, so Eeschema will load all the new components by default. Because no changes were made, you can still go back and run the rescue function again: choose "Rescue Cached Components" in the Tools menu to call up the dialog again.

If you would prefer not to see this dialog, you can press "Never Show Again". The default will be to do nothing and allow the new components to be loaded. This option can be changed back in the Component Libraries preferences.

6. Hierarchical schematics

6.1. Introduction

A hierarchical representation is generally a good solution for projects bigger than a few sheets. If you want to manage this kind of project, it will be necessary to:

  • Use large sheets, which results in printing and handling problems.

  • Use several sheets, which leads you to a hierarchy structure.

The complete schematic then consists in a main schematic sheet, called root sheet, and sub-sheets constituting the hierarchy. Moreover, a skillful subdividing of the design into separate sheets often improves on its readability.

From the root sheet, you must be able to find all sub-sheets. Hierarchical schematics management is very easy with Eeschema, thanks to an integrated "hierarchy navigator" accessible via the icon icons/hierarchy_nav_png of the top toolbar.

There are two types of hierarchy that can exist simultaneously: the first one has just been evoked and is of general use. The second consists in creating components in the library that appear like traditional components in the schematic, but which actually correspond to a schematic which describes their internal structure.

This second type is used to develop integrated circuits, because in this case you have to use function libraries in the schematic you are drawing.

Eeschema currently doesn’t treat this second case.

A hierarchy can be:

  • simple: a given sheet is used only once

  • complex: a given sheet is used more than once (multiples instances)

  • flat: which is a simple hierarchy, but connections between sheets are not drawn.

Eeschema can deal with all these hierarchies.

The creation of a hierarchical schematic is easy, the whole hierarchy is handled starting from the root schematic, as if you had only one schematic.

The two important steps to understand are:

  • How to create a sub-sheet.

  • How to build electric connections between sub-sheets.

Navigation among sub-sheets It is very easy thanks to the navigator tool accessible via the button icons/hierarchy_nav_png on the top toolbar.

100000000000010C00000104307CA6BA_png

Each sheet is reachable by clicking on its name. For quick access, right click on a sheet name, and choose to Enter Sheet.

You can quickly reach the root sheet, or a sub-sheet thanks to the tool icons/hierarchy_cursor_png of the right toolbar. After the navigation tool has been selected:

  • Click on a sheet name to select the sheet.

  • Click elsewhere to select the Root sheet.

6.3. Local, hierarchical and global labels

6.3.1. Properties

Local labels, tool icons/add_line_label_png , are connecting signals only within a sheet. Hierarchical labels (tool icons/add_hierarchical_label_png ) are connecting signals only within a sheet and to a hierarchical pin placed in the parent sheet.

Global labels (tool Global label icon ) are connecting signals across all the hierarchy. Power pins (type power in and power out) invisible are like global labels because they are seen as connected between them across all the hierarchy.

Note
Within a hierarchy (simple or complex) one can use both hierarchical labels and/or global labels.

6.4. Hierarchy creation of headlines

You have to:

  • Place in the root sheet a hierarchy symbol called "sheet symbol".

  • Enter into the new schematic (sub-sheet) with the navigator and draw it, like any other schematic.

  • Draw the electric connections between the two schematics by placing Global Labels (HLabels) in the new schematic (sub-sheet), and labels having the same name in the root sheet, known as SheetLabels. These SheetLabels will be connected to the sheet symbol of the root sheet to the other elements of the schematic like standard component pins.

6.5. Sheet symbol

Draw a rectangle defined by two diagonal points symbolizing the sub-sheet.

The size of this rectangle must allow you to place later particular labels, hierarchy pins, corresponding to the global labels (HLabels) in the sub-sheet.

These labels are similar to usual component pins. Select the tool icons/add_hierarchical_subsheet_png .

Click to place the upper left corner of the rectangle. Click again to place the lower right corner, having a large enough rectangle.

You will then be prompted to type a file name and a sheet name for this sub-sheet (in order to reach the corresponding schematic, using the hierarchy navigator).

20000008000024130000119315BBAF66_png

You must give at least a file name. If there is no sheet name, the file name will be used as sheet name (usual way to do that).

6.6. Connections - hierarchical pins

You will create here points of connection (hierarchy pins) for the symbol which has been just created.

These points of connection are similar to normal component pins, with however the possibility to connect a complete bus with only one point of connection.

There are two ways to do this:

  • Place the different pins before drawing the sub-sheet (manual placement).

  • Place the different pins after drawing the sub-sheet, and the global labels (semi-automatic placement).

The second solution is quite preferable.

Manual placement:

  • To select the tool icons/add_hierar_pin_png .

  • Click on the hierarchy symbol where you want to place this pin.

See below an example of the creation of the hierarchical pin called "CONNEXION".

1000000000000160000000CD797712D0_png

You can define its graphical attributes, and size or later, by editing this pin sheet (Right click and select Edit in the PopUp menu).

Various pin symbols are available:

  • Input

  • Output

  • Bidirectional

  • Tri-State

  • Passive

These pin symbols are only graphic enhancements, and have no other role.

Automatic placement:

  • Select the tool icons/import_hierarchical_label_png .

  • Click on the hierarchy symbol from where you want to import the pins corresponding to global labels placed in the corresponding schematic. A hierarchical pin appears, if a new global label exists, i.e. not corresponding to an already placed pin.

  • Click where you want to place this pin.

All necessary pins can thus be placed quickly and without error. Their aspect is in accordance with corresponding global labels.

6.7. Connections - hierarchical labels

Each pin of the sheet symbol just created, must correspond to a label called hierarchical Label in the sub-sheet. Hierarchical labels are similar to labels, but they provide connections between sub-sheet and root sheet. The graphical representation of the two complementary labels (pin and HLabel) is similar. Hierarchical labels creation is made with the tool icons/add_hierarchical_label_png .

See below a root sheet example:

hierarchical_label_root_png

Notice pin VCC_PIC, connected to connector JP1.

Here are the corresponding connections in the sub-sheet :

hierarchical_label_sub_png

You find again, the two corresponding hierarchical labels, providing connection between the two hierarchical sheets.

Note
You can use hierarchical labels and hierarchy pins to connect two buses, according to the syntax (Bus [N. .m]) previously described.

6.7.1. Labels, hierarchical labels, global labels and invisible power pins

Here are some comments on various ways to provide connections, others than wire connections.

Simple labels

Simple labels have a local capacity of connection, i.e. limited to the schematic sheet where they are placed. This is due to the fact that :

  • Each sheet has a sheet number.

  • This sheet number is associated to a label.

Thus, if you place the label "TOTO" in sheet n° 3, in fact the true label is "TOTO_3". If you also place a label "TOTO" in sheet n° 1 (root sheet) you place in fact a label called "TOTO_1", different from "TOTO_3". This is always true, even if there is only one sheet.

Hierarchical labels

What is said for the simple labels is also true for hierarchical labels.

Thus in the same sheet, a HLabel "TOTO" is considered to be connected to a local label "TOTO", but not connected to a HLabel or label called "TOTO" in another sheet.

However a HLabel is considered to be connected to the corresponding SheetLabel symbol in the hierarchical symbol placed in the root sheet.

Invisible power pins

It was seen that invisible power pins were connected together if they have the same name. Thus all the power pins declared "Invisible Power Pins" and named VCC are connected and form the equipotential VCC, whatever the sheet they are placed on.

This means that if you place a VCC label in a sub-sheet, it will not be connected to VCC pins, because this label is actually VCC_n, where n is the sheet number.

If you want this label VCC to be really connected to the equipotential VCC, it will have to be explicitly connected to an invisible power pin, thanks to a VCC power port.

6.7.2. Global labels

Global labels that have an identical name are connected across the whole hierarchy.

(power labels like vcc … are global labels)

6.8. Complex Hierarchy

Here is an example. The same schematic is used twice (two instances). The two sheets share the same schematic because the file name is the same for the two sheets (“other_sheet.sch”). But the sheet names must be different.

10000000000001C6000001CAAC972C0B_png

6.9. Flat hierarchy

You can create a project using many sheets, without creating connections between these sheets (flat hierarchy) if the next rules are respected:

  • You must create a root sheet containing the other sheets, which acts as a link between others sheets.

  • No explicit connections are needed.

  • All connections between sheets will use global labels instead of hierarchical labels.

Here is an example of a root sheet.

10000000000002C800000134F8E86C51_png

Here is the two pages, connected by global labels.

Here is the pic_programmer.sch.

100000000000020B000001B70A60DECC_png

Here is the pic_sockets.sch.

1000000000000272000001C015CA854E_png

Look at global labels.

100000000000009B00000079AC689E05_png

7. Automatic classification Annotation

7.1. Introduction

The automatic classification annotation tool allows you to automatically assign a designator to components in your schematic. For multi-parts components, assign a multi-part suffix to minimize the number of these packages. The automatic classification annotation tool is accessible via the icon icons_annotate_png . Here you find its main window.

annotate-dialog_img

Various possibilities are available:

  • Annotate all the components (reset existing annotation option)

  • Annotate all the components, but do not swap any previously annotated multi-unit parts.

  • Annotate new components only (i.e. those whose reference finishes by? like IC? ) (keep existing annotation option).

  • Annotate the whole hierarchy (use the entire schematic option).

  • Annotate the current sheet only (use current page only option).

The “Reset, but do not swap any annotated multi-unit parts” option keeps all existing associations between multi-unit parts. That is, if you have U2A and U2B, they may be reannotated to U1A and U1B respectively, but they will never be reannotated to U1A and U2A, nor to U2B and U2A. This is useful if you want to ensure that pin groupings are maintained, if you have already decided by yourself which subunits are best placed where.

The annotation order choice gives the method used to set the reference number inside each sheet of the hierarchy.

Except for particular cases, an automatic annotation applies to the whole project (all sheets) and to the new components, if you don’t want to modify previous annotations.

The Annotation Choice gives the method used to calculate reference Id:

  • Use first free number in schematic: components are annotated from 1 (for each reference prefix). If a previous annotation exists, not yet in use numbers will be used.

  • Start to sheet number*100 and use first free number: annotation start from 101 for the sheet 1, from 201 for the sheet 2, etc. If there are more than 99 items having the same reference prefix (U, R) inside the sheet 1, the annotation tool uses the number 200 and more, and annotation for sheet 2 will start from the next free number.

  • Start to sheet number*1000 and use first free number. Annotation start from 1001 for the sheet 1, from 2001 for the sheet 2.

7.2. Some examples

7.2.1. Annotation order

This example shows 5 elements placed, but not annotated.

2000000800003E6E0000154B2A71537E_png

After the annotation tool Is executed, the following result is obtained.

Sort by X position.

100000000000022C000000B9BA2E1A94_png

Sort by Y position.

100000000000023D000000BC05569580_png

You can see that four 74LS00 gates were distributed in U1 package, and that the fifth 74LS00 has been assigned to the next, U2.

7.2.2. Annotation Choice

Here is an annotation in sheet 2 where the option use first free number in schematic was set.

100000000000014300000137E6B02665_png

Option start to sheet number*100 and use first free number give the following result.

1000000000000138000001495A2E0270_png

The option start to sheet number*1000 and use first free number gives the following result.

1000000000000117000001359D8B03B1_png

8. Design verification with Electrical Rules Check

8.1. Introduction

The Electrical Rules Check (ERC) tool performs an automatic check of your schematic. The ERC checks for any errors in your sheet, such as unconnected pins, unconnected hierarchical symbols, shorted outputs, etc. Naturally, an automatic check is not infallible, and the software that makes it possible to detect all design errors is not yet 100% complete. Such a check is very useful, because it allows you to detect many oversights and small errors.

In fact all detected errors must be checked and then corrected before proceeding as normal. The quality of the ERC is directly related to the care taken in declaring electrical pin properties during library creation. ERC output is reported as "errors" or "warnings".

ERC dialog

8.2. How to use ERC

ERC can be started by clicking on the icon ERC icon .

Warnings are placed on the schematic elements raising an ERC error (pins or labels).

Note
  • In this dialog window, when clicking on an error message you can jump to the corresponding marker in the schematic.

  • In the schematic right-click on a marker to access the corresponding diagnostic message.

You can also delete error markers from the dialog.

8.3. Example of ERC

ERC pointers

Here you can see four errors:

  • Two outputs have been erroneously connected together (red arrow).

  • Two inputs have been left unconnected (green arrow).

  • There is an error on an invisible power port, power flag is missing (green arrow on the top).

8.4. Displaying diagnostics

By right-clicking on a marker the pop-up menu allows you to access the ERC marker diagnostic window.

ERC pointers info

and when clicking on Marker Error Info you can get a description of the error.

1000000000000250000000D72B1E53C2_png

8.5. Power pins and Power flags

It is common to have an error or a warning on power pins, even though all seems normal. See example above. This happens because, in most designs, the power is provided by connectors that are not power sources (like regulator output, which is declared as Power out).

The ERC thus won’t detect any Power out pin to control this wire and will declare them not driven by a power source.

To avoid this warning you have to place a "PWR_FLAG" on such a power port. Take a look at the following example:

20000008000030E4000026DDFDF3D5E2_png

The error marker will then disappear.

Most of the time, a PWR_FLAG must be connected to GND, because usually regulators have outputs declared as power out, but ground pins are never power out (the normal attribute is power in), so grounds never appear connected to a power source without a pwr_flag.

8.6. Configuration

The Options panel allows you to configure connectivity rules to define electrical conditions for errors and warnings check.

10000000000002810000024A2E8220E0_png

Rules can be changed by clicking on the desired square of the matrix, causing it to cycle through the choices: normal, warning, error.

8.7. ERC report file

An ERC report file can be generated and saved by checking the option Write ERC report. The file extension for ERC report files is .erc. Here is an example of ERC report file.

ERC control (4/1/1997-14:16:4)

***** Sheet 1 (INTERFACE UNIVERSAL)
ERC: Warning Pin input Unconnected @ 8.450, 2.350
ERC: Warning passive Pin Unconnected @ 8.450, 1.950
ERC: Warning: BiDir Pin connected to power Pin (Net 6) @ 10.100, 3.300
ERC: Warning: Power Pin connected to BiDir Pin (Net 6) @ 4.950, 1.400

>> Errors ERC: 4

9. Create a Netlist

9.1. Overview

A netlist is a file which describes electrical connections between components. In the netlist file you can find:

  • The list of the components

  • The list of connections between components, called equi-potential nets.

Different netlist formats exist. Sometimes the components list and the equi-potential list are two separate files. This netlist is fundamental in the use of schematic capture software, because the netlist is the link with other electronic CAD software, like:

  • PCB software.

  • Schematic and PCB Simulators.

  • CPLD (and other programmable IC’s) compilers.

Eeschema supports several netlist formats.

  • PCBNEW format (printed circuits).

  • ORCAD PCB2 format (printed circuits).

  • CADSTAR format (printed circuits).

  • Spice format, for various simulators (the Spice format is also used by other simulators).

9.2. Netlist formats

Select the tool Netlist icon to open the netlist creation dialog box.

Pcbnew selected

100000000000015B00000103C7B601A8_png

Spice selected

100000000000015C0000010342AD04EC_png

Using the different tabs you can select the desired format. In Spice format you can generate netlists with either equi-potential names (it is more legible) or net numbers (old Spice versions accept numbers only). By clicking the Netlist button, you will be asked for a netlist file name.

Note
With big projects, the netlist generation can take up to few minutes.

9.3. Netlist examples

You can see below a schematic design using the PSPICE library:

10000000000002BE0000017EB6C97C72_png

Example of a PCBNEW netlist file:

# Eeschema Netlist Version 1.0 generee le 21/1/1997-16:51:15
(
(32E35B76 $noname C2 1NF {Lib=C}
(1 0)
(2 VOUT_1)
)
(32CFC454 $noname V2 AC_0.1 {Lib=VSOURCE}
(1 N-000003)
(2 0)
)
(32CFC413 $noname C1 1UF {Lib=C}
(1 INPUT_1)
(2 N-000003)
)
(32CFC337 $noname V1 DC_12V {Lib=VSOURCE}
(1 +12V)
(2 0)
)
(32CFC293 $noname R2 10K {Lib=R}
(1 INPUT_1)
(2 0)
)
(32CFC288 $noname R6 22K {Lib=R}
(1 +12V)
(2 INPUT_1)
)
(32CFC27F $noname R5 22K {Lib=R}
(1 +12V)
(2 N-000008)
)
(32CFC277 $noname R1 10K {Lib=R}
(1 N-000008)
(2 0)
)
(32CFC25A $noname R7 470 {Lib=R}
(1 EMET_1)
(2 0)
)
(32CFC254 $noname R4 1K {Lib=R}
(1 +12V)
(2 VOUT_1)
)
(32CFC24C $noname R3 1K {Lib=R}
(1 +12V)
(2 N-000006)
)
(32CFC230 $noname Q2 Q2N2222 {Lib=NPN}
(1 VOUT_1)
(2 N-000008)
(3 EMET_1)
)
(32CFC227 $noname Q1 Q2N2222 {Lib=NPN}
(1 N-000006)
(2 INPUT_1)
(3 EMET_1)
)
)
# End

In PSPICE format, the netlist is as follows:

* Eeschema Netlist Version 1.1 (Spice format) creation date: 18/6/2008-08:38:03

.model Q2N2222 npn (bf=200)
.AC 10 1Meg \*1.2
.DC V1 10 12 0.5


R12   /VOUT N-000003 22K
R11   +12V N-000003 100
L1   N-000003 /VOUT 100mH
R10   N-000005 N-000004 220
C3   N-000005 0 10uF
C2   N-000009 0 1nF
R8   N-000004 0 2.2K
Q3   /VOUT N-000009 N-000004 N-000004 Q2N2222
V2   N-000008 0 AC 0.1
C1   /VIN N-000008 1UF
V1   +12V 0 DC 12V
R2   /VIN 0 10K
R6   +12V /VIN 22K
R5   +12V N-000012 22K
R1   N-000012 0 10K
R7   N-000007 0 470
R4   +12V N-000009 1K
R3   +12V N-000010 1K
Q2   N-000009 N-000012 N-000007 N-000007 Q2N2222
Q1   N-000010 /VIN N-000007 N-000007 Q2N2222

.print ac v(vout)
.plot ac v(nodes) (-1,5)

.end

9.4. Notes on Netlists

9.4.1. Netlist name precautions

Many software tools that use netlists do not accept spaces in the component names, pins, equi-potential nets or others. Systematically avoid spaces in labels, or names and value fields of components or their pins.

In the same way, special characters other than letters and numbers can cause problems. Note that this limitation is not related to Eeschema, but to the netlist formats that can then become untranslatable to software that uses netlist files.

9.4.2. PSPICE netlists

For the Pspice simulator, you have to include some command lines in the netlist itself (.PROBE, .AC, etc.).

Any text line included in the schematic diagram starting with the keyword -pspice or -gnucap will be inserted (without the keyword) at the top of the netlist.

Any text line included in the schematic diagram starting with the keyword +pspice or +gnucap will be inserted (without the keyword) at the end of the netlist.

Here is a sample using many one-line texts and one multi-line text:

100000000000021B000001BDEA9ADDBA_png

For example, if you type the following text (do not use a label!):

-PSPICE .PROBE

a line .PROBE will be inserted in the netlist.

In the previous example three lines were inserted at the beginning of the netlist and two at the end with this technique.

If you are using multiline texts, +pspice or +gnucap keywords are needed only once:

+PSPICE .model NPN NPN
.model PNP PNP
.lib C:\Program Files\LTC\LTspiceIV\lib\cmp\standard.bjt
.backanno

creates the four lines:

.model NPN NPN
.model PNP PNP
.lib C:\Program Files\LTC\LTspiceIV\lib\cmp\standard.bjt
.backanno

Also note that the equipotential GND must be named 0 (zero) for Pspice.

9.5. Other formats

For other netlist formats you can add netlist converters in the form of plugins. These converters are automatically launched by Eeschema. Chapter 14 gives some explanations and examples of converters.

A converter is a text file (xsl format) but one can use other languages like Python. When using the xsl format, a tool (xsltproc.exe or xsltproc) read the intermediate file created by Eeschema, and the converter file to create the output file. In this case, the converter file (a sheet style) is very small and very easy to write.

9.5.1. Init the dialog window

You can add a new netlist plug-in via the Add Plugin button.

10000000000000DA000000C6E73B58D7_png

Here is the plug-in PadsPcb setup window:

100000000000021300000103755CDB21_png

The setup will require:

  • A title (for example, the name of the netlist format).

  • The plug-in to launch.

When the netlist is generated:

  1. Eeschema creates an intermediate file *.tmp, for example test.tmp.

  2. Eeschema run the plug-in, which reads test.tmp and creates test.net.

9.5.2. Command line format

Here is an example, using xsltproc.exe as a tool to convert .xsl files, and a file netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl as converter sheet style:

f:/kicad/bin/xsltproc.exe -o %O.net f:/kicad/bin/plugins/netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl %I

With:

f:/kicad/bin/xsltproc.exe

A tool to read and convert xsl file

-o %O.net

Output file: %O will define the output file.

f:/kicad/bin/plugins/netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl

File name converter (a sheet style, xsl format).

%I

Will be replaced by the intermediate file created by Eeschema (*.tmp).

For a schematic named test.sch, the actual command line is:

f:/kicad/bin/xsltproc.exe -o test.net f:/kicad/bin/plugins/netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl test.tmp.

9.5.3. Converter and sheet style (plug-in)

This is a very simple piece of software, because its purpose is only to convert an input text file (the intermediate text file) to another text file. Moreover, from the intermediate text file, you can create a BOM list.

When using xsltproc as the converter tool only the sheet style will be generated.

9.5.4. Intermediate netlist file format

See Chapter 14 for more explanations about xslproc, descriptions of the intermediate file format, and some examples of sheet style for converters.

10. Plot and Print

10.1. Introduction

You can access both print and plot commands via the file menu.

100000000000017E000001109CDAC612_png

The suported output formats are Postscript, PDF, SVG, DXF and HPGL. You can also directly print to your printer.

10.2. Common printing commands

Plot Current Page

prints one file for the current sheet only.

Plot All Pages

allows you to plot the whole hierarchy (one print file is generated for each sheet).

10.3. Plot in Postscript

This command allows you to create PostScript files.

100000000000017A000001555B390DD5_png

The file name is the sheet name with an extension .ps. You can disable the option "Plot border and title block". This is useful if you want to create a postscript file for encapsulation (format .eps) often used to insert a diagram in a word processing software. The message window displays the file names created.

10.4. Plot in PDF

eeschema_plot_pdf.png

Allows you to create plot files using the format PDF. The file name is the sheet name with an extension .pdf.

10.5. Plot in SVG

10000000000001D8000001A61AC74D2A_png

Allows you to create plot files using the vectored format SVG. The file name is the sheet name with an extension .svg.

10.6. Plot in DXF

10000000000000FB00000191F3D6461D_png

Allows you to create plot files using the format DXF. The file name is the sheet name with an extension .dxf.

10.7. Plot in HPGL

This command allows you to create an HPGL file. In this format you can define:

  • Page size.

  • Origin.

  • Pen width (in mm).

The plotter setup dialog window looks like the following:

1000000000000196000001CC52FEA30B_png

The output file name will be the sheet name plus the extension .plt.

10.7.1. Sheet size selection

Sheet size is normally checked. In this case, the sheet size defined in the title block menu will be used and the chosen scale will be 1. If a different sheet size is selected (A4 with A0, or A with E), the scale is automatically adjusted to fill the page.

10.7.2. Offset adjustments

For all standard dimensions, you can adjust the offsets to center the drawing as accurately as possible. Because plotters have an origin point at the center or at the lower left corner of the sheet, it is necessary to be able to introduce an offset in order to plot properly.

Generally speaking:

  • For plotters having their origin point at the center of the sheet the offset must be negative and set at half of the sheet dimension.

  • For plotters having their origin point at the lower left corner of the sheet the offset must be set to 0.

To set an offset:

  • Select sheet size.

  • Set offset X and offset Y.

  • Click on accept offset.

This command, available via the icon icons/print_button_png , allows you to visualize and generate design files for the standard printer.

100000000000015A000000C1CF6CC2C5_png

The "Print sheet reference and title block" option enables or disables sheet references and title block.

The "Print in black and white" option sets printing in monochrome. This option is generally necessary if you use a black and white laser printer, because colors are printed into half-tones that are often not so readable.

11. Component Library Editor

11.1. General Information About Component Libraries

A component is a schematic element which contains a graphical representation, electrical connections, and fields defining the component. Components used in a schematic are stored in component libraries. Eeschema provides a component library editing tool that allows you to create libraries, add, delete or transfer components between libraries, export components to files, and import components from files. The library editing tool provides a simple way to manage component library files.

11.2. Component Library Overview

A component library is composed of one or more components. Generally the components are logically grouped by function, type, and/or manufacturer.

A component is composed of:

  • Graphical items (lines, circles, arcs, text, etc ) that provide the symbolic definition.

  • Pins which have both graphic properties (line, clock, inverted, low level active, etc ) and electrical properties (input, output, bidirectional, etc.) used by the Electrical Rules Check (ERC) tool.

  • Fields such as references, values, corresponding footprint names for PCB design, etc.

  • Aliases used to associate a common component such as a 7400 with all of its derivatives such as 74LS00, 74HC00, and 7437. All of these aliases share the same library component.

Proper component designing requires:

  • Defining if the component is made up of one or more units.

  • Defining if the component has an alternate body style also known as a De Morgan representation.

  • Designing its symbolic representation using lines, rectangles, circles, polygons and text.

  • Adding pins by carefully defining each pin’s graphical elements, name, number, and electrical property (input, output, tri-state, power port, etc.).

  • Adding an alias if other components have the same symbol and pin out or removing one if the component has been created from another component.

  • Adding optional fields such as the name of the footprint used by the PCB design software and/or defining their visibility.

  • Documenting the component by adding a description string and links to data sheets, etc.

  • Saving it in the desired library.

11.3. Component Library Editor Overview

The component library editor main window is shown below. It consists three tool bars for quick access to common features and a component viewing/editing area. Not all commands are available on the tool bars but can be accessed using the menus.

100000000000049F000002C20FF41347_png

11.3.1. Main Toolbar

The main tool bar typically located at the top of main window shown below consists of the library management tools, undo/redo commands, zoom commands, and component properties dialogs.

images/toolbar_libedit.png

icons/save_library_png

Save the currently select library. The button will be disabled if no library is currently selected or no changes to the currently selected library have been made.

icons/library_png

Select the library to edit.

icons/delete_png

Delete a component from the currently selected library or any library defined by the project if no library is currently selected.

icons/library_browse_png

Open the component library browser to select the library and component to edit.

icons/new_component_png

Create a new component.

icons/import_cmp_from_lib_png

Load component from currently selected library for editing.

icons/copycomponent_png

Create a new component from the currently loaded component.

icons/save_part_in_mem_png

Save the current component changes in memory. The library file is not changed.

icons/import_png

Import one component from a file.

icons/export_png

Export the current component to a file.

icons/new_library_png

Create a new library file containing the current component. Note: new libraries are not automatically added to the project.

icons/undo_png

Undo last edit.

icons/redo_png

Redo last undo.

icons/part_properties_png

Edit the current component properties.

icons/add_text_png

Edit the fields of current component.

icons/erc_png

Test the current component for design errors.

images/icons/zoom_in.png

Zoom in.

images/icons/zoom_out.png

Zoom out.

images/icons/zoom_redraw.png

Refresh display.

images/icons/zoom_fit_in_page.png

Zoom to fit component in display.

icons/morgan1_png

Select the normal body style. The button is disabled if the current component does not have an alternate body style.

icons/morgan2_png

Select the alternate body style. The button is disabled if the current component does not have an alternate body style.

icons/datasheet_png

Show the associated documentation. The button will be disabled if no documentation is defined for the current component.

images/toolbar_libedit_part.png

Select the unit to display. The drop down control will be disabled if the current component is not derived from multiple units.

images/toolbar_libedit_part.png

Selection the alias. The drop down control will be disabled if the current component does not have any aliases.

icons/pin2pin_png

Pin editing: independent editing for pin shape and position for components with multiple units and alternate symbols.

icons/pin_table_png

Show pin table.

11.3.2. Element Toolbar

The vertical toolbar typically located on the right hand side of the main window allows you to place all of the elements required to design a component. The table below defines each toolbar button.

icons/cursor_png

Select tool. Right-clicking with the select tool opens the context menu for the object under the cursor. Left-clicking with the select tool displays the attributes of the object under the cursor in the message panel at the bottom of the main window. Double-left-clicking with the select tool will open the properties dialog for the object under the cursor.

icons/pin_png

Pin tool. Left-click to add a new pin.

icons/add_text_png

Graphical text tool. Left-click to add a new graphical text item.

icons/add_rectangle_png

Rectangle tool. Left-click to begin drawing the first corner of a graphical rectangle. Left-click again to place the opposite corner of the rectangle.

icons/add_circle_png

Circle tool. Left-click to begin drawing a new graphical circle from the center. Left-click again to define the radius of the cicle.

icons/add_arc_png

Arc tool. Left-click to begin drawing a new graphical arc item from the center. Left-click again to define the first arc end point. Left-click again to defint the second arc end point.

icons/add_polygon_png

Polygon tool. Left-click to begin drawing a new graphical polygon item in the current component. Left-click for each addition polygon line. Double-left-click to complete the polygon.

icons/anchor_png

Anchor tool. Left-click to set the anchor position of the component.

icons/import_png

Import a component from a file.

icons/export_png

Export the current component to a file.

icons/delete_png

Delete tool. Left-click to delete an object from the current component.

11.3.3. Options Toolbar

The vertical tool bar typically located on the left hand side of the main window allows you to set some of the editor drawing options. The table below defines each tool bar button.

icons/grid_png

Toggle grid visibility on and off.

icons/unit_inch_png

Set units to inches.

icons/unit_mm_png

Set units to millimeters.

icons/cursor_shape_png

Toggle full screen cursor on and off.

11.4. Library Selection and Maintenance

The selection of the current library is possible via the icons/library_png which shows you all available libraries and allows you to select one. When a component is loaded or saved, it will be put in this library. The library name of component is the contents of its value field.

Note
  • You must load a library in Eeschema, in order to access its contents.

  • The content of the current library can be saved after modification, by clicking on the icons/save_library_png on the main tool bar.

  • A component can be removed from any library by clicking on the icons/delete_png .

11.4.1. Select and Save a Component

When you edit a component you are not really working on the component in its library but on a copy of it in the computer’s memory. Any edit action can be undone easily. A component may be loaded from a local library or from an existing component.

Component Selection

Clicking the icons/import_cmp_from_lib_png on the main tool bar displays the list of the available components that you can select and load from the currently selected library.

Note
If a component is selected by its alias, the name of the loaded component is displayed on the window title bar instead of the selected alias. The list of component aliases is always loaded with each component and can be edited. You can create a new component by selecting an alias of the current component from the images/toolbar_libedit_alias.png . The first item in the alias list is the root name of the component.
Note
Alternatively, clicking the icons/import_png allows you to load a component which has been previously saved by the icons/export_png .
Save a Component

After modification, a component can be saved in the current library, in a new library, or exported to a backup file.

To save the modified component in the current library, click the icons/save_part_in_mem_png . Please note that the update command only saves the component changes in the local memory. This way, you can make up your mind before you save the library.

To permanently save the component changes to the library file, click the icons/save_library_png which will overwrite the existing library file with the component changes.

If you want to create a new library containing the current component, click the icons/new_library_png . You will be asked to enter a new library name.

Note

New libraries are not automatically added to the current project.

You must add any new library you wish to use in a schematic to the list of project libraries in Eeschema using the component configuration dialog.

Library settings

Click the icons/export_png to create a file containing only the current component. This file will be a standard library file which will contains only one component. This file can be used to import the component into another library. In fact, the create new library command and the export command are basically identical.

Transfer Components to Another Library

You can very easily copy a component from a source library into a destination library using the following commands:

  • Select the source library by clicking the icons/library_png .

  • Load the component to be transferred by clicking the icons/import_cmp_from_lib_png . The component will be displayed in the editing area.

  • Select the destination library by clicking the icons/library_png .

  • Save the current component to the new library in the local memory by clicking the icons/save_part_in_mem_png .

  • Save the component in the current local library file by clicking the icons/save_library_png .

Discarding Component Changes

When you are working on a component, the edited component is only a working copy of the actual component in its library. This means that as long as you have not saved it, you can just reload it to discard all changes made. If you have already updated it in the local memory and you have not saved it to the library file, you can always quit and start again. Eeschema will undo all the changes.

11.5. Creating Library Components

11.5.1. Create a New Component

A new component can be created clicking the icons/new_component_png . You will be asked for a component name (this name is used as default value for the value field in the schematic editor), the reference designator (U, IC, R…), the number of units per package (for example a 7400 is made of 4 units per package) and if an alternate body style (sometimes referred to as DeMorgan) is desired. If the reference designator field is left empty, it will default to "U". These properties changed later, but it is preferable to set them correctly at the creation of the component.

1000000000000153000001795877268E_png

A new component will be created using the properties above and will appear in the editor as shown below.

100000000000030A00000205F0A88B4F_png

11.5.2. Create a Component from Another Component

Often, the component that you want to make is similar to one already in a component library. In this case it is easy to load and modify an existing component.

  • Load the component which will be used as a starting point.

  • Click on the icons/copycomponent_png or modify its name by right-click on the value field and editing the text. If you chose to duplicate the current component, you will be prompted for a new component name.

  • If the model component has aliases, you will be prompted to remove aliases from the new component which conflict with the current library. If the answer is no the new component creation will be aborted. Component libraries cannot have any duplicate names or aliases.

  • Edit the new component as required.

  • Update the new component in the current library by clicking the icons/save_part_in_mem_png or save to a new library by clicking the icons/new_library_png or if you want to save this new component in an other existing library select the other library by clicking on the icons/library_png and save the new component.

  • Save the current library file to disk by clicking the icons/save_library_png .

11.5.3. Component Properties

Component properties should be carefully set during the component creation or alternatively they are inherited from the copied component. To change the component properties, click on the icons/part_properties_png to show the dialog below.

10000000000001B2000001509F311F99_png

It is very important to correctly set the number of units per package and if the component has an alternate symbolic representation parameters correctly because when pins are edited or created the corresponding pins for each unit will created. If you change the number of units per package after pin creation and editing, there will be additional work introduced to add the new unit pins and symbols. Nevertheless, it is possible to modify these properies at any time.

The graphic options "Show pin number" and "Show pin name" define the visibility of the pin number and pin name text. This text will be visible if the corresponding options are checked. The option "Place pin names inside" defines the pin name position relative to the pin body. This text will be displayed inside the component outline if the option is checked. In this case the "Pin Name Position Offset" property defines the shift of the text away from the body end of the pin. A value from 30 to 40 (in 1/1000 inch) is reasonable.

The example below shows a component with the "Place pin name inside" option unchecked. Notice the position of the names and pin numbers.

2000000800003D8000002550D6E11DAF_png

11.5.4. Components with Alternate Symbols

If the component has more than one symbolic repersentation, you will have to select the different symbols of the component in order to edit them. To edit the normal symbol, click the icons/morgan1_png .

To edit the alternate symbol click on the icons/morgan2_png . Use the images/toolbar_libedit_part.png shown below to select the unit you wish to edit.

1000000000000456000002680D968591_png

11.6. Graphical Elements

Graphical elements create the symbolic representation of a component and contain no electrical connection information. Their design is possible using the following tools:

  • Lines and polygons defined by start and end points.

  • Rectangles defined by two diagonal corners.

  • Circles defined by the center and radius.

  • Arcs defined by the starting and ending point of the arc and its center. An arc goes from 0° to 180°.

The vertical toolbar on the right hand side of the main window allows you to place all of the graphical elements required to design a component’s symbolic representation.

11.6.1. Graphical Element Membership

Each graphic element (line, arc, circle, etc.) can be defined as common to all units and/or body styles or specific to a given unit and/or body style. Element options can be quickly accessed by right-clicking on the element to display the context menu for the selected element. Below is the context menu for a line element.

20000009000056D200003432E4789F12_png

You can also double-left-click on an element to modify its properties. Below is the properties dialog for a polygon element.

100000000000012100000146E8D1DDCE_png

The properties of a graphic element are:

  • Line width which defines the width of the element’s line in the current drawing units.

  • The "Common to all units in component" setting defines if the graphical element is drawn for each unit in component with more than one unit per package or if the graphical element is only drawn for the current unit.

  • The "Common by all body styles (DeMorgan)" setting defines if the graphical element is drawn for each symbolic representation in components with an alternate body style or if the graphical element is only drawn for the current body style.

  • The fill style setting determines if the symbol defined by the graphical element is to be drawn unfilled, background filled, or foreground filled.

11.6.2. Graphical Text Elements

The icons/add_text_png allows for the creation of graphical text. Graphical text is always readable, even when the component is mirrored. Please note that graphical text items are not fields.

11.7. Multiple Units per Component and Alternate Body Styles

Components can have two symbolic representations (a standard symbol and an alternate symbol often referred to as "DeMorgan") and/or have more than one unit per package (logic gates for example). Some components can have more than one unit per package each with different symbols and pin configurations.

Consider for instance a relay with two switches which can be designed as a component with three different units: a coil, switch 1, and switch 2. Designing a component with multiple units per package and/or alternate body styles is very flexible. A pin or a body symbol item can be common to all units or specific to a given unit or they can be common to both symbolic representation so are specific to a given symbol representation.

By default, pins are specific to each symbolic representation of each unit, because the pin number is specific to a unit, and the shape depends on the symbolic representation. When a pin is common to each unit or each symbolic representation, you need to create it only once for all units and all symbolic representations (this is usually the case for power pins). This is also the case for the body style graphic shapes and text, which may be common to each unit (but typically are specific to each symbolic representation).

11.7.1. Example of a Component Having Multiple Units with Different Symbols:

This is an example of a relay defined with three units per package, switch 1, switch 2, and the coil:

Option: pins are not linked. One can add or edit pins for each unit without any coupling with pins of other units.

2000000900003094000008CA41334F3B_png

All units are not interchangeable must be selected.

10000000000001B20000014F8449F983_png

Unit 1

10000000000000FF000000A989993852_png

Unit 2

1000000000000114000000B804ED21E4_png

Unit 3

100000000000010C000000B26BA7AD80_png

It does not have the same symbol and pin layout and therefore is not interchangeable with units 1 and 2.

Graphical Symbolic Elements

Shown below are properties for a graphic body element. From the relay example above, the three units have different symbolic representations. Therefore, each unit was created separately and the graphical body elements must have the "Common to all units in component" disabled.

2000000900003855000027B1F162801F_png

11.8. Pin Creation and Editing

You can click on the icons/pin_png to create and insert a pin. The editing of all pin properties is done by double-clicking on the pin or right-clicking on the pin to open the pin context menu. Pins must be created carefully, because any error will have consequences on the PCB design. Any pin already placed can be edited, deleted, and/or moved.

11.8.1. Pin Overview

A pin is defined by its graphical representation, its name and its "number". The pin’s "number" is defined by a set of 4 letters and / or numbers. For the Electrical Rules Check (ERC) tool to be useful, the pin’s "electrical" type (input, output, tri-state…) must also be defined correctly. If this type is not defined properly, the schematic ERC check results may be invalid.

Important notes:

  • Do not use spaces in pin names and numbers.

  • To define a pin name with an inverted signal (overline) use the ~ (tilde) character. The next ~ character will turn off the overline. For example \~FO~O would display FO O.

  • If the pin name is reduced to a single symbol, the pin is regarded as unnamed.

  • Pin names starting with #, are reserved for power port symbols.

  • A pin "number" consists of 1 to 4 letters and/ or numbers. 1,2,..9999 are valid numbers. A1, B3, Anod, Gnd, Wire, etc. are also valid.

  • Duplicate pin "numbers" cannot exist in a component.

11.8.2. Pin Properties

100000000000031000000198EA7FCC88_png

The pin properties dialog allows you to edit all of the characteristics of a pin. This dialog pops up automatically when you create a pin or when double-clicking on an existing pin. This dialog allows you modify:

  • Name and name’s text size.

  • Number and number’s text size.

  • Length.

  • Electrical and graphical types.

  • Unit and alternate representation membership.

  • Visibility.

11.8.3. Pins Graphical Styles

Shown in the figure below are the different pin graphical styles. The choice of graphic styles does not have any influence on the pin’s electrical type.

10000000000003100000019800B8A351_png

11.8.4. Pin Electrical Types

Choosing the correct electrical type is important for the schematic ERC tool. The electrical types defined are:

  • Bidirectional which indicates bidirectional pins commutable between input and output (microprocessor data bus for example).

  • Tri-state is the usual 3 states output.

  • Passive is used for passive component pins, resistors, connectors, etc.

  • Unspecified can be used when the ERC check doesn’t matter.

  • Power input is used for the component’s power pins. Power pins are automatically connected to the other power input pins with the same name.

  • Power output is used for regulator outputs.

  • Open emitter and open collector types can be used for logic outputs defined as such.

  • Not connected is used when a component has a pin that has no internal connection.

11.8.5. Pin Global Properties

You can modify the length or text size of the name and/or number of all the pins using the Global command entry of the pin context menu. Click on the parameter you want to modify and type the new value which will then be applied to all of the current component’s pins.

100000000000018D000001023AE0F5CF_png

11.8.6. Defining Pins for Multiple Units and Alternate Symbolic Representations

Components with multiple units and/or graphical representations are particularly problematic when creating and editing pins. The majority of pins are specific to each unit (because their pin number is specific to each unit) and to each symbolic representation (because their form and position is specific to each symbolic representation). The creation and the editing of pins can be problematic for components with multiple units per package and alternate symbolic representations. The component library editor allows the simultaneous creation of pins. By default, changes made to a pin are made for all units of a multiple unit component and both representations for components with an alternate representation.

The only exception to this is the pin’s graphical type and name. This dependency was established to allow for easier pin creation and editing in most of the cases. This dependency can be disabled by toggling the icons/pin2pin_png on the main tool bar. This will allow you to create pins for each unit and representation completely independently.

A component can have two symbolic representations (representation known as "DeMorgan") and can be made up of more than one unit as in the case of components with logic gates. For certain components, you may want several different graphic elements and pins. Like the relay sample shown in section 11.7.1, a relay can be represented by three distinct units: a coil, switch contact 1, and switch contact 2.

The management of the components with multiple units and components with alternate symbolic representations is flexible. A pin can be common or specific to different units. A pin can also be common to both symbolic representations or specific to each symbolic representation.

By default, pins are specific to each representation of each unit, because their number differs for each unit, and their design is different for each symbolic representation. When a pin is common to all units, it only has to drawn once such as in the case of power pins.

An example is the output pin 7400 quad dual input NAND gate. Since there are four units and two symbolic representations, there are eight separate output pins defined in the component definition. When creating a new 7400 component, unit A of the normal symbolic representation will be shown in the library editor. To edit the pin style in alternate symbolic representation, it must first be enabled by clicking the icons/morgan2_png button on the tool bar. To edit the pin number for each unit, select the appropriate unit using the images/toolbar_libedit_alias.png drop down control.

11.9. Component Fields

All library components are defined with four default fields. The reference designator, value, footprint assignment, and documentation file link fields are created whenever a component is created or copied. Only the reference designator and value fields are required. For existing fields, you can use the context menu commands by right-clicking on the pin. Components defined in libraries are typically defined with these four default fields. Additional fields such as vendor, part number, unit cost, etc. can be added to library components but generally this is done in the schematic editor so the additional fields can be applied to all of the components in the schematic.

11.9.1. Editing Component Fields

To edit an existing component field, right-click on the field text to show the field context menu shown below.

200000090000154B000027E6496104E3_png

To edit undefined fields, add new fields, or delete optional fields icons/add_text_png on the main tool bar to open the field properties dialog shown below.

1000000000000208000002211F585317_png

Fields are text sections associated with the component. Do not confuse them with the text belonging to the graphic representation of this component.

Important notes:

  • Modifying value fields effectively creates a new component using the current component as the starting point for the new component. This new component has the name contained in the value field when you save it to the currently selected library.

  • The field edit dialog above must be used to edit a field that is empty or has the invisible attribute enable.

  • The footprint is defined as an absolute footprint using the LIBNAME:FPNAME format where LIBNAME is the name of the footprint library defined in the footprint library table (see the "Footprint Library Table" section in the Pcbnew "Reference Manual") and FPNAME is the name of the footprint in the library LIBNAME.

11.10. Power Symbols

Power symbols are created the same way as normal components. It may be useful to place them in a dedicated library such as power.lib. Power symbols consist of a graphical symbol and a pin of the type "Power Invisible". Power port symbols are handled like any other component by the schematic capture software. Some precautions are essential. Below is an example of a power +5V symbol.

1000000000000438000002C20F7CD114_png

To create a power symbol, use the following steps:

  • Add a pin of type "Power input" named +5V (important because this name will establish connection to the net +5V), with a pin number of 1 (number of no importance), a length of 0, and a "Line" "Graphic Style".

  • Place a small circle and a segment from the pin to the circle as shown.

  • The anchor of the symbol is on the pin.

  • The component value is +5V.

  • The component reference is \#+5V. The reference text is not important except the first character which must be # to indicate that the component is a power symbol. By convention, every component in which the reference field starts with a # will not appear in the component list or in the netlist and the reference is declared as invisible.

An easier method to create a new power port symbol is to use another symbol as a model:

  • Load an existing power symbol.

  • Edit the pin name with name of the new power symbol.

  • Edit the value field to the same name as the pin, if you want to display the power port value.

  • Save the new component.

12. LibEdit - Complements

12.1. Overview

A component consist of the following elements

  • A graphical representation (geometrical shapes, texts).

  • Pins.

  • Fields or associated text used by the post processors: netlist, components list.

Two fields are to be initialized: reference and value. The name of the design associated with the component, and the name of the associated footprint, the other fields are the free fields, they can generally remain empty, and could be filled during schematic capture.

However, managing the documentation associated with any component facilitates the research, use and maintenance of libraries. The associated documentation consists of

  • A line of comment.

  • A line of key words such as TTL CMOS NAND2, separated by spaces.

  • An attached file name (for example an application note or a pdf file).

    The default directory for attached files:

    kicad/share/library/doc

    If not found:

    kicad/library/doc

    Under linux:

    /usr/local/kicad/share/library/doc

    /usr/share/kicad/library/doc

    /usr/local/share/kicad/library/doc

Key words allow you to selectively search for a component according to various selection criteria. Comments and key words are displayed in various menus, and particularly when you select a component from the library.

The component also has an anchoring point. A rotation or a mirror is made relatively to this anchor point and during a placement this point is used as a reference position. It is thus useful to position this anchor accurately.

A component can have aliases, i.e. equivalent names. This allows you to considerably reduce the number of components that need to be created (for example, a 74LS00 can have aliases such as 74000, 74HC00, 74HCT00…).

Finally, the components are distributed in libraries (classified by topics, or manufacturer) in order to facilitate their management.

12.2. Position a component anchor

The anchor is at the coordinates (0,0) and it is shown by the blue axes displayed on your screen.

10000000000003830000027F3B1EDABD_png

The anchor can be repositioned by selecting the icon icons/anchor_png and clicking on the new desired anchor position. The drawing will be automatically re-centered on the new anchor point.

12.3. Component aliases

An alias is another name corresponding to the same component in the library. Components with similar pin-out and representation can then be represented by only one component, having several aliases (e.g. 7400 with alias 74LS00, 74HC00, 74LS37 ).

The use of aliases allows you to build complete libraries quickly. In addition these libraries, being much more compact, are easily loaded by KiCad.

To modify the list of aliases, you have to select the main editing window via the icon icons/part_properties_png and select the alias folder.

10000000000001B50000013E8AB145A7_png

You can thus add or remove the desired alias. The current alias cannot obviously be removed since it is edited.

To remove all aliases, you have firstly to select the root component. The first component in the alias list in the window of selection of the main toolbar.

12.4. Component fields

The field editor is called via the icon icons/add_text_png .

There are four special fields (texts attached to the component), and configurable user fields

10000000000002870000021DEC5337FC_png

Special fields

  • Reference.

  • Value. It is the component name in the library and the default value field in schematic.

  • Footprint. It is the footprint name used for the board. Not very useful when using CvPcb to setup the footprint list, but mandatory if CvPcb is not used.

  • Sheet. It is a reserved field, not used at the time of writing.

12.5. Component documentation

To edit documentation information, it is necessary to call the main editing window of the component via the icon icons/part_properties_png and to select the document folder.

10000000000001B70000014140B7CFE4_png

Be sure to select the right alias, or the root component, because this documentation is the only characteristic which differs between aliases. The "Copy Doc" button allows you to copy the documentation information from the root component towards the currently edited alias.

12.5.1. Component keywords

Keywords allow you to search in a selective way for a component according to specific selection criteria (function, technological family, etc.)

The Eeschema research tool is not case sensitive. The most current key words used in the libraries are

  • CMOS TTL for the logic families

  • AND2 NOR3 XOR2 INV… for the gates (AND2 = 2 inputs AND gate, NOR3 = 3 inputs NOR gate).

  • JKFF DFF… for JK or D flip-flop.

  • ADC, DAC, MUX…

  • OpenCol for the gates with open collector output. Thus if in the schematic capture software, you search the component: by keys words NAND2 OpenCol Eeschema will display the list of components having these 2 key words.

12.5.2. Component documentation (Doc)

The line of comment (and keywords) is displayed in various menus, particularly when you select a component in the displayed components list of a library and in the ViewLib menu.

If this Doc. file exists, it is also accessible in the schematic capture software, in the pop-up menu displayed by right-clicking on the component.

12.5.3. Associated documentation file (DocFileName)

Indicates an attached file (documentation, application schematic) available ( pdf file, schematic diagram, etc.).

12.5.4. Footprint filtering for CvPcb

You can enter a list of allowed footprints for the component. This list acts as a filter used by CvPcb to display only the allowed footprints. A void list does not filter anything.

10000000000001B8000001406BAFF1AF_png

Wild-card characters are allowed.

S014* allows CvPcb to show all the footprints with a name starting by SO14.

For a resistor, R? shows all the footprints with a 2 letters name starting by R.

Here are samples: with and without filtering

With filtering

1000000000000205000001F7190A1FAC_png

Without filtering

1000000000000202000001F61A671096_png

12.6. Symbol library

You can easily compile a graphic symbols library file containing frequently used symbols .This can be used for the creation of components (triangles, the shape of AND, OR, Exclusive OR gates, etc.) for saving and subsequent re-use.

These files are stored by default in the library directory and have a .sym extension. The symbols are not gathered in libraries like the components because they are generally not so many.

12.6.1. Export or create a symbol

A component can be exported as a symbol with the button icons/import_png . You can generally create only one graphic, also it will be a good idea to delete all pins, if they exist.

12.6.2. Import a symbol

Importing allows you to add graphics to a component you are editing. A symbol is imported with the button Import graphic icon . Imported graphics are added as they were created in existing graphics.

13. Viewlib

13.1. Introduction

Viewlib allows you to quickly examine the content of libraries. Viewlib is called by the tool icons/library_browse_png or by the "place component" tool available from the right-hand side toolbar.

100000000000016D000000E7007BA5B8_png

13.2. Viewlib - main screen

100000000000028A000001DC54042D35_png

To examine the library content you need to select the wanted library from the list on the left-hand side. Available components will then appear in the second list which allow you to select a component.

100000000000028B000001DD9FC13E33_png

13.3. Viewlib top toolbar

The top tool bar in Viewlib is shown below.

images/toolbar_viewlib.png

The available commands are.

icons/library_png

Selection of the desired library which can be also selected in the displayed list.

icons/add_component_png

Selection of the component which can be also selected in the displayed list.

icons/lib_previous_png

Display previous component.

icons/lib_next_png

Display next component.

images/icons/zoom_in.png images/icons/zoom_out.png images/icons/zoom_redraw.png images/icons/zoom_fit_in_page.png

Zoom tools.

images/icons/morgan1.png images/icons/morgan2.png

Selection of the representation (normal or converted) if exist.

images/toolbar_viewlib_part.png

Selection of the part, only for multi-part components.

icons/datasheet_png

If it exist, display the associated documents. Exists only when called by the place component dialog frame from Eeschema.

icons/export_png

Close Viewlib and place the selected component in Eeschema. This icon is only displayed when Viewlib has been called from Eeschema (click on a symbol in the component chooser).

14. Creating Customized Netlists and BOM Files

14.1. Intermediate Netlist File

BOM files and netlist files can be converted from an Intermediate netlist file created by Eeschema.

This file uses XML syntax and is called the intermediate netlist. The intermediate netlist includes a large amount of data about your board and because of this, it can be used with post-processing to create a BOM or other reports.

Depending on the output (BOM or netlist), different subsets of the complete Intermediate Netlist file will be used in the post-processing.

14.1.1. Schematic sample

Schematic sample

14.1.2. The Intermediate Netlist file sample

The corresponding intermediate netlist (using XML syntax) of the circuit above is shown below.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<export version="D">
  <design>
    <source>F:\kicad_aux\netlist_test\netlist_test.sch</source>
    <date>29/08/2010 20:35:21</date>
    <tool>eeschema (2010-08-28 BZR 2458)-unstable</tool>
  </design>
  <components>
    <comp ref="P1">
      <value>CONN_4</value>
      <libsource lib="conn" part="CONN_4"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E2141</tstamp>
    </comp>
    <comp ref="U2">
      <value>74LS74</value>
      <libsource lib="74xx" part="74LS74"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E20BA</tstamp>
    </comp>
    <comp ref="U1">
      <value>74LS04</value>
      <libsource lib="74xx" part="74LS04"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E20A6</tstamp>
    </comp>
    <comp ref="C1">
      <value>CP</value>
      <libsource lib="device" part="CP"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E2094</tstamp>
    </comp>
    <comp ref="R1">
      <value>R</value>
      <libsource lib="device" part="R"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E208A</tstamp>
    </comp>
  </components>
  <libparts>
    <libpart lib="device" part="C">
      <description>Condensateur non polarise</description>
      <footprints>
        <fp>SM*</fp>
        <fp>C?</fp>
        <fp>C1-1</fp>
      </footprints>
      <fields>
        <field name="Reference">C</field>
        <field name="Value">C</field>
      </fields>
      <pins>
        <pin num="1" name="~" type="passive"/>
        <pin num="2" name="~" type="passive"/>
      </pins>
    </libpart>
    <libpart lib="device" part="R">
      <description>Resistance</description>
      <footprints>
        <fp>R?</fp>
        <fp>SM0603</fp>
        <fp>SM0805</fp>
        <fp>R?-*</fp>
        <fp>SM1206</fp>
      </footprints>
      <fields>
        <field name="Reference">R</field>
        <field name="Value">R</field>
      </fields>
      <pins>
        <pin num="1" name="~" type="passive"/>
        <pin num="2" name="~" type="passive"/>
      </pins>
    </libpart>
    <libpart lib="conn" part="CONN_4">
      <description>Symbole general de connecteur</description>
      <fields>
        <field name="Reference">P</field>
        <field name="Value">CONN_4</field>
      </fields>
      <pins>
        <pin num="1" name="P1" type="passive"/>
        <pin num="2" name="P2" type="passive"/>
        <pin num="3" name="P3" type="passive"/>
        <pin num="4" name="P4" type="passive"/>
      </pins>
    </libpart>
    <libpart lib="74xx" part="74LS04">
      <description>Hex Inverseur</description>
      <fields>
        <field name="Reference">U</field>
        <field name="Value">74LS04</field>
      </fields>
      <pins>
        <pin num="1" name="~" type="input"/>
        <pin num="2" name="~" type="output"/>
        <pin num="3" name="~" type="input"/>
        <pin num="4" name="~" type="output"/>
        <pin num="5" name="~" type="input"/>
        <pin num="6" name="~" type="output"/>
        <pin num="7" name="GND" type="power_in"/>
        <pin num="8" name="~" type="output"/>
        <pin num="9" name="~" type="input"/>
        <pin num="10" name="~" type="output"/>
        <pin num="11" name="~" type="input"/>
        <pin num="12" name="~" type="output"/>
        <pin num="13" name="~" type="input"/>
        <pin num="14" name="VCC" type="power_in"/>
      </pins>
    </libpart>
    <libpart lib="74xx" part="74LS74">
      <description>Dual D FlipFlop, Set &amp; Reset</description>
      <docs>74xx/74hc_hct74.pdf</docs>
      <fields>
        <field name="Reference">U</field>
        <field name="Value">74LS74</field>
      </fields>
      <pins>
        <pin num="1" name="Cd" type="input"/>
        <pin num="2" name="D" type="input"/>
        <pin num="3" name="Cp" type="input"/>
        <pin num="4" name="Sd" type="input"/>
        <pin num="5" name="Q" type="output"/>
        <pin num="6" name="~Q" type="output"/>
        <pin num="7" name="GND" type="power_in"/>
        <pin num="8" name="~Q" type="output"/>
        <pin num="9" name="Q" type="output"/>
        <pin num="10" name="Sd" type="input"/>
        <pin num="11" name="Cp" type="input"/>
        <pin num="12" name="D" type="input"/>
        <pin num="13" name="Cd" type="input"/>
        <pin num="14" name="VCC" type="power_in"/>
      </pins>
    </libpart>
  </libparts>
  <libraries>
    <library logical="device">
      <uri>F:\kicad\share\library\device.lib</uri>
    </library>
    <library logical="conn">
      <uri>F:\kicad\share\library\conn.lib</uri>
    </library>
    <library logical="74xx">
      <uri>F:\kicad\share\library\74xx.lib</uri>
    </library>
  </libraries>
  <nets>
    <net code="1" name="GND">
      <node ref="U1" pin="7"/>
      <node ref="C1" pin="2"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="7"/>
      <node ref="P1" pin="4"/>
    </net>
    <net code="2" name="VCC">
      <node ref="R1" pin="1"/>
      <node ref="U1" pin="14"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="4"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="1"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="14"/>
      <node ref="P1" pin="1"/>
    </net>
    <net code="3" name="">
      <node ref="U2" pin="6"/>
    </net>
    <net code="4" name="">
      <node ref="U1" pin="2"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="3"/>
    </net>
    <net code="5" name="/SIG_OUT">
      <node ref="P1" pin="2"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="5"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="2"/>
    </net>
    <net code="6" name="/CLOCK_IN">
      <node ref="R1" pin="2"/>
      <node ref="C1" pin="1"/>
      <node ref="U1" pin="1"/>
      <node ref="P1" pin="3"/>
    </net>
  </nets>
</export>

14.2. Conversion to a new netlist format

By applying a post-processing filter to the Intermediate netlist file you can generate foreign netlist files as well as BOM files. Because this conversion is a text to text transformation, this post-processing filter can be written using Python, XSLT, or any other tool capable of taking XML as input.

XSLT itself is a an XML language very suitable for XML transformations. There is a free program called xsltproc that you can download and install. The xsltproc program can be used to read the Intermediate XML netlist input file, apply a style-sheet to transform the input, and save the results in an output file. Use of xsltproc requires a style-sheet file using XSLT conventions. The full conversion process is handled by Eeschema, after it is configured once to run xsltproc in a specific way.

14.3. XSLT approach

The document that describes XSL Transformations (XSLT) is available here:

http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt

14.3.1. Create a Pads-Pcb netlist file

The pads-pcb format is comprised of two sections.

  • The footprint list.

  • The Nets list: grouping pads references by nets.

Immediately below is a style-sheet which converts the Intermediate Netlist file to a pads-pcb netlist format:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!--XSL style sheet to Eeschema Generic Netlist Format to PADS netlist format
    Copyright (C) 2010, SoftPLC Corporation.
    GPL v2.

    How to use:
        https://lists.launchpad.net/kicad-developers/msg05157.html
-->

<!DOCTYPE xsl:stylesheet [
  <!ENTITY nl  "&#xd;&#xa;"> <!--new line CR, LF -->
]>

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
<xsl:output method="text" omit-xml-declaration="yes" indent="no"/>

<xsl:template match="/export">
    <xsl:text>*PADS-PCB*&nl;*PART*&nl;</xsl:text>
    <xsl:apply-templates select="components/comp"/>
    <xsl:text>&nl;*NET*&nl;</xsl:text>
    <xsl:apply-templates select="nets/net"/>
    <xsl:text>*END*&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

<!-- for each component -->
<xsl:template match="comp">
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@ref"/>
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>
    <xsl:choose>
        <xsl:when test = "footprint != '' ">
            <xsl:apply-templates select="footprint"/>
        </xsl:when>
        <xsl:otherwise>
            <xsl:text>unknown</xsl:text>
        </xsl:otherwise>
    </xsl:choose>
    <xsl:text>&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

<!-- for each net -->
<xsl:template match="net">
    <!-- nets are output only if there is more than one pin in net -->
    <xsl:if test="count(node)>1">
        <xsl:text>*SIGNAL* </xsl:text>
        <xsl:choose>
            <xsl:when test = "@name != '' ">
                <xsl:value-of select="@name"/>
            </xsl:when>
            <xsl:otherwise>
                <xsl:text>N-</xsl:text>
                <xsl:value-of select="@code"/>
            </xsl:otherwise>
        </xsl:choose>
        <xsl:text>&nl;</xsl:text>
        <xsl:apply-templates select="node"/>
    </xsl:if>
</xsl:template>

<!-- for each node -->
<xsl:template match="node">
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@ref"/>
    <xsl:text>.</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@pin"/>
    <xsl:text>&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

</xsl:stylesheet>

And here is the pads-pcb output file after running xsltproc:

*PADS-PCB*
*PART*
P1 unknown
U2 unknown
U1 unknown
C1 unknown
R1 unknown
*NET*
*SIGNAL* GND
U1.7
C1.2
U2.7
P1.4
*SIGNAL* VCC
R1.1
U1.14
U2.4
U2.1
U2.14
P1.1
*SIGNAL* N-4
U1.2
U2.3
*SIGNAL* /SIG_OUT
P1.2
U2.5
U2.2
*SIGNAL* /CLOCK_IN
R1.2
C1.1
U1.1
P1.3

*END*

The command line to make this conversion is:

kicad\\bin\\xsltproc.exe -o test.net kicad\\bin\\plugins\\netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl test.tmp

14.3.2. Create a Cadstar netlist file

The Cadstar format is comprised of two sections.

  • The footprint list.

  • The Nets list: grouping pads references by nets.

Here is the style-sheet file to make this specific conversion:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!--XSL style sheet to Eeschema Generic Netlist Format to CADSTAR netlist format
    Copyright (C) 2010, Jean-Pierre Charras.
    Copyright (C) 2010, SoftPLC Corporation.
    GPL v2.

<!DOCTYPE xsl:stylesheet [
  <!ENTITY nl  "&#xd;&#xa;"> <!--new line CR, LF -->
]>

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
<xsl:output method="text" omit-xml-declaration="yes" indent="no"/>

<!-- Netlist header -->
<xsl:template match="/export">
    <xsl:text>.HEA&nl;</xsl:text>
    <xsl:apply-templates select="design/date"/>  <!-- Generate line .TIM <time> -->
    <xsl:apply-templates select="design/tool"/>  <!-- Generate line .APP <eeschema version> -->
    <xsl:apply-templates select="components/comp"/>  <!-- Generate list of components -->
    <xsl:text>&nl;&nl;</xsl:text>
    <xsl:apply-templates select="nets/net"/>          <!-- Generate list of nets and connections -->
    <xsl:text>&nl;.END&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

 <!-- Generate line .TIM 20/08/2010 10:45:33 -->
<xsl:template match="tool">
    <xsl:text>.APP "</xsl:text>
    <xsl:apply-templates/>
    <xsl:text>"&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

 <!-- Generate line .APP "eeschema (2010-08-17 BZR 2450)-unstable" -->
<xsl:template match="date">
    <xsl:text>.TIM </xsl:text>
    <xsl:apply-templates/>
    <xsl:text>&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

<!-- for each component -->
<xsl:template match="comp">
    <xsl:text>.ADD_COM </xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@ref"/>
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>
    <xsl:choose>
        <xsl:when test = "value != '' ">
            <xsl:text>"</xsl:text> <xsl:apply-templates select="value"/> <xsl:text>"</xsl:text>
        </xsl:when>
        <xsl:otherwise>
            <xsl:text>""</xsl:text>
        </xsl:otherwise>
    </xsl:choose>
    <xsl:text>&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

<!-- for each net -->
<xsl:template match="net">
    <!-- nets are output only if there is more than one pin in net -->
    <xsl:if test="count(node)>1">
    <xsl:variable name="netname">
        <xsl:text>"</xsl:text>
        <xsl:choose>
            <xsl:when test = "@name != '' ">
                <xsl:value-of select="@name"/>
            </xsl:when>
            <xsl:otherwise>
                <xsl:text>N-</xsl:text>
                <xsl:value-of select="@code"/>
        </xsl:otherwise>
        </xsl:choose>
        <xsl:text>"&nl;</xsl:text>
        </xsl:variable>
        <xsl:apply-templates select="node" mode="first"/>
        <xsl:value-of select="$netname"/>
        <xsl:apply-templates select="node" mode="others"/>
    </xsl:if>
</xsl:template>

<!-- for each node -->
<xsl:template match="node" mode="first">
    <xsl:if test="position()=1">
       <xsl:text>.ADD_TER </xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@ref"/>
    <xsl:text>.</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@pin"/>
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>
    </xsl:if>
</xsl:template>

<xsl:template match="node" mode="others">
    <xsl:choose>
        <xsl:when test='position()=1'>
        </xsl:when>
        <xsl:when test='position()=2'>
           <xsl:text>.TER     </xsl:text>
        </xsl:when>
        <xsl:otherwise>
           <xsl:text>         </xsl:text>
        </xsl:otherwise>
    </xsl:choose>
    <xsl:if test="position()>1">
        <xsl:value-of select="@ref"/>
        <xsl:text>.</xsl:text>
        <xsl:value-of select="@pin"/>
        <xsl:text>&nl;</xsl:text>
    </xsl:if>
</xsl:template>

</xsl:stylesheet>

Here is the Cadstar output file.

.HEA
.TIM 21/08/2010 08:12:08
.APP "eeschema (2010-08-09 BZR 2439)-unstable"
.ADD_COM P1 "CONN_4"
.ADD_COM U2 "74LS74"
.ADD_COM U1 "74LS04"
.ADD_COM C1 "CP"
.ADD_COM R1 "R"


.ADD_TER U1.7 "GND"
.TER     C1.2
         U2.7
         P1.4
.ADD_TER R1.1 "VCC"
.TER     U1.14
         U2.4
         U2.1
         U2.14
         P1.1
.ADD_TER U1.2 "N-4"
.TER     U2.3
.ADD_TER P1.2 "/SIG_OUT"
.TER     U2.5
         U2.2
.ADD_TER R1.2 "/CLOCK_IN"
.TER     C1.1
         U1.1
         P1.3

.END

14.3.3. Create a OrcadPCB2 netlist file

This format has only one section which is the footprint list. Each footprint includes its list of pads with reference to a net.

Here is the style-sheet for this specific conversion:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!--XSL style sheet to Eeschema Generic Netlist Format to CADSTAR netlist format
    Copyright (C) 2010, SoftPLC Corporation.
    GPL v2.

    How to use:
        https://lists.launchpad.net/kicad-developers/msg05157.html
-->

<!DOCTYPE xsl:stylesheet [
  <!ENTITY nl  "&#xd;&#xa;"> <!--new line CR, LF -->
]>

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
<xsl:output method="text" omit-xml-declaration="yes" indent="no"/>

<!--
    Netlist header
    Creates the entire netlist
    (can be seen as equivalent to main function in C
-->
<xsl:template match="/export">
    <xsl:text>( { Eeschema Netlist Version 1.1  </xsl:text>
    <!-- Generate line .TIM <time> -->
<xsl:apply-templates select="design/date"/>
<!-- Generate line eeschema version ... -->
<xsl:apply-templates select="design/tool"/>
<xsl:text>}&nl;</xsl:text>

<!-- Generate the list of components -->
<xsl:apply-templates select="components/comp"/>  <!-- Generate list of components -->

<!-- end of file -->
<xsl:text>)&nl;*&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

<!--
    Generate id in header like "eeschema (2010-08-17 BZR 2450)-unstable"
-->
<xsl:template match="tool">
    <xsl:apply-templates/>
</xsl:template>

<!--
    Generate date in header like "20/08/2010 10:45:33"
-->
<xsl:template match="date">
    <xsl:apply-templates/>
    <xsl:text>&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

<!--
    This template read each component
    (path = /export/components/comp)
    creates lines:
     ( 3EBF7DBD $noname U1 74LS125
      ... pin list ...
      )
    and calls "create_pin_list" template to build the pin list
-->
<xsl:template match="comp">
    <xsl:text> ( </xsl:text>
    <xsl:choose>
        <xsl:when test = "tstamp != '' ">
            <xsl:apply-templates select="tstamp"/>
        </xsl:when>
        <xsl:otherwise>
            <xsl:text>00000000</xsl:text>
        </xsl:otherwise>
    </xsl:choose>
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>
    <xsl:choose>
        <xsl:when test = "footprint != '' ">
            <xsl:apply-templates select="footprint"/>
        </xsl:when>
        <xsl:otherwise>
            <xsl:text>$noname</xsl:text>
        </xsl:otherwise>
    </xsl:choose>
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@ref"/>
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>
    <xsl:choose>
        <xsl:when test = "value != '' ">
            <xsl:apply-templates select="value"/>
        </xsl:when>
        <xsl:otherwise>
            <xsl:text>"~"</xsl:text>
        </xsl:otherwise>
    </xsl:choose>
    <xsl:text>&nl;</xsl:text>
    <xsl:call-template name="Search_pin_list" >
        <xsl:with-param name="cmplib_id" select="libsource/@part"/>
        <xsl:with-param name="cmp_ref" select="@ref"/>
    </xsl:call-template>
    <xsl:text> )&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

<!--
    This template search for a given lib component description in list
    lib component descriptions are in /export/libparts,
    and each description start at ./libpart
    We search here for the list of pins of the given component
    This template has 2 parameters:
        "cmplib_id" (reference in libparts)
        "cmp_ref"   (schematic reference of the given component)
-->
<xsl:template name="Search_pin_list" >
    <xsl:param name="cmplib_id" select="0" />
    <xsl:param name="cmp_ref" select="0" />
        <xsl:for-each select="/export/libparts/libpart">
            <xsl:if test = "@part = $cmplib_id ">
                <xsl:apply-templates name="build_pin_list" select="pins/pin">
                    <xsl:with-param name="cmp_ref" select="$cmp_ref"/>
                </xsl:apply-templates>
            </xsl:if>
        </xsl:for-each>
</xsl:template>


<!--
    This template writes the pin list of a component
    from the pin list of the library description
    The pin list from library description is something like
          <pins>
            <pin num="1" type="passive"/>
            <pin num="2" type="passive"/>
          </pins>
    Output pin list is ( <pin num> <net name> )
    something like
            ( 1 VCC )
            ( 2 GND )
-->
<xsl:template name="build_pin_list" match="pin">
    <xsl:param name="cmp_ref" select="0" />

    <!-- write pin numner and separator -->
    <xsl:text>  ( </xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@num"/>
    <xsl:text> </xsl:text>

    <!-- search net name in nets section and write it: -->
    <xsl:variable name="pinNum" select="@num" />
    <xsl:for-each select="/export/nets/net">
        <!-- net name is output only if there is more than one pin in net
             else use "?" as net name, so count items in this net
        -->
        <xsl:variable name="pinCnt" select="count(node)" />
        <xsl:apply-templates name="Search_pin_netname" select="node">
            <xsl:with-param name="cmp_ref" select="$cmp_ref"/>
            <xsl:with-param name="pin_cnt_in_net" select="$pinCnt"/>
            <xsl:with-param name="pin_num"> <xsl:value-of select="$pinNum"/>
            </xsl:with-param>
        </xsl:apply-templates>
    </xsl:for-each>

    <!-- close line -->
    <xsl:text> )&nl;</xsl:text>
</xsl:template>

<!--
    This template writes the pin netname of a given pin of a given component
    from the nets list
    The nets list description is something like
      <nets>
        <net code="1" name="GND">
          <node ref="J1" pin="20"/>
              <node ref="C2" pin="2"/>
        </net>
        <net code="2" name="">
          <node ref="U2" pin="11"/>
        </net>
    </nets>
    This template has 2 parameters:
        "cmp_ref"   (schematic reference of the given component)
        "pin_num"   (pin number)
-->

<xsl:template name="Search_pin_netname" match="node">
    <xsl:param name="cmp_ref" select="0" />
    <xsl:param name="pin_num" select="0" />
    <xsl:param name="pin_cnt_in_net" select="0" />

    <xsl:if test = "@ref = $cmp_ref ">
        <xsl:if test = "@pin = $pin_num">
        <!-- net name is output only if there is more than one pin in net
             else use "?" as net name
        -->
            <xsl:if test = "$pin_cnt_in_net>1">
                <xsl:choose>
                    <!-- if a net has a name, use it,
                        else build a name from its net code
                    -->
                    <xsl:when test = "../@name != '' ">
                        <xsl:value-of select="../@name"/>
                    </xsl:when>
                    <xsl:otherwise>
                        <xsl:text>$N-0</xsl:text><xsl:value-of select="../@code"/>
                    </xsl:otherwise>
                </xsl:choose>
            </xsl:if>
            <xsl:if test = "$pin_cnt_in_net &lt;2">
                <xsl:text>?</xsl:text>
            </xsl:if>
        </xsl:if>
    </xsl:if>

</xsl:template>

</xsl:stylesheet>

Here is the OrcadPCB2 output file.

( { Eeschema Netlist Version 1.1  29/08/2010 21:07:51
eeschema (2010-08-28 BZR 2458)-unstable}
 ( 4C6E2141 $noname P1 CONN_4
  (  1 VCC )
  (  2 /SIG_OUT )
  (  3 /CLOCK_IN )
  (  4 GND )
 )
 ( 4C6E20BA $noname U2 74LS74
  (  1 VCC )
  (  2 /SIG_OUT )
  (  3 N-04 )
  (  4 VCC )
  (  5 /SIG_OUT )
  (  6 ? )
  (  7 GND )
  (  14 VCC )
 )
 ( 4C6E20A6 $noname U1 74LS04
  (  1 /CLOCK_IN )
  (  2 N-04 )
  (  7 GND )
  (  14 VCC )
 )
 ( 4C6E2094 $noname C1 CP
  (  1 /CLOCK_IN )
  (  2 GND )
 )
 ( 4C6E208A $noname R1 R
  (  1 VCC )
  (  2 /CLOCK_IN )
 )
)
*

14.3.4. Eeschema plugins interface

Intermediate Netlist converters can be automatically launched within Eeschema.

Init the Dialog window

One can add a new netlist plug-in user interface tab by clicking on the Add Plugin button.

10000000000000FC000000C867B9348F_png

Here is what the configuration data for the PadsPcb tab looks like:

100000000000026D000001272BA6B200_png
Plugin Configuration Parameters

The Eeschema plug-in configuration dialog requires the following information:

  • The title: for instance, the name of the netlist format.

  • The command line to launch the converter.

Once you click on the netlist button the following will happen:

  1. Eeschema creates an intermediate netlist file .xml, for instancetest.xml.*

  2. Eeschema runs the plug-in by reading test.xml and creates test.net

Generate netlist files with the command line

Assuming we are using the program xsltproc.exe to apply the sheet style to the intermediate file, xsltproc.exe is executed with the following command.

xsltproc.exe -o <output filename> < style-sheet filename> <input XML file to convert>

In KiCad under Windows the command line is the following.

f:/kicad/bin/xsltproc.exe -o "%O" f:/kicad/bin/plugins/netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl "%I"

Under Linux the command becomes as following.

xsltproc -o "%O" /usr/local/kicad/bin/plugins/netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl "%I"

Where netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl is the style-sheet that you are applying. Do not forget the double quotes around the file names, this allows them to have spaces after the substitution by Eeschema.

The command line format accepts parameters for filenames:

The supported formatting parameters are.

  • %B ⇒ base filename and path of selected output file, minus path and extension.

  • %I ⇒ complete filename and path of the temporary input file (the intermediate net file).

  • %O ⇒ complete filename and path of the user chosen output file.

%I will be replaced by the actual intermediate file name

%O will be replaced by the actual output file name.

Command line format: example for xsltproc

The command line format for xsltproc is the following:

<path of xsltproc> xsltproc <xsltproc parameters>

under Windows.

f:/kicad/bin/xsltproc.exe -o "%O" f:/kicad/bin/plugins/netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl "%I"

under Linux:

xsltproc -o "%O" /usr/local/kicad/bin/plugins/netlist_form_pads-pcb.xsl "%I"

The above examples assume xsltproc is installed on your PC under Windows and all files located in kicad/bin.

14.3.5. Bill of Materials Generation

Because the intermediate netlist file contains all information about used components, a BOM can be extracted from it. Here is the plug-in setup window (on Linux) to create a customized Bill Of Materials (BOM) file:

bom-netlist-tab_png

The path to the style sheet bom2csv.xsl is system dependent. The currently best XSLT style-sheet for BOM generation at this time is called bom2csv.xsl. You are free to modify it according to your needs, and if you develop something generally useful, ask that it become part of the KiCad project.

14.4. Command line format: example for python scripts

The command line format for python is something like:

python <script file name> <input filename> <output filename>

under Windows:

python *.exe f:/kicad/python/my_python_script.py "%I" "%O"

under Linux:

python /usr/local/kicad/python/my_python_script.py "%I" "%O"

Assuming python is installed on your PC.

14.5. Intermediate Netlist structure

This sample gives an idea of the netlist file format.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<export version="D">
  <design>
    <source>F:\kicad_aux\netlist_test\netlist_test.sch</source>
    <date>29/08/2010 21:07:51</date>
    <tool>eeschema (2010-08-28 BZR 2458)-unstable</tool>
  </design>
  <components>
    <comp ref="P1">
      <value>CONN_4</value>
      <libsource lib="conn" part="CONN_4"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E2141</tstamp>
    </comp>
    <comp ref="U2">
      <value>74LS74</value>
      <libsource lib="74xx" part="74LS74"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E20BA</tstamp>
    </comp>
    <comp ref="U1">
      <value>74LS04</value>
      <libsource lib="74xx" part="74LS04"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E20A6</tstamp>
    </comp>
    <comp ref="C1">
      <value>CP</value>
      <libsource lib="device" part="CP"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E2094</tstamp>
    <comp ref="R1">
      <value>R</value>
      <libsource lib="device" part="R"/>
      <sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
      <tstamp>4C6E208A</tstamp>
    </comp>
  </components>
  <libparts/>
  <libraries/>
  <nets>
    <net code="1" name="GND">
      <node ref="U1" pin="7"/>
      <node ref="C1" pin="2"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="7"/>
      <node ref="P1" pin="4"/>
    </net>
    <net code="2" name="VCC">
      <node ref="R1" pin="1"/>
      <node ref="U1" pin="14"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="4"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="1"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="14"/>
      <node ref="P1" pin="1"/>
    </net>
    <net code="3" name="">
      <node ref="U2" pin="6"/>
    </net>
    <net code="4" name="">
      <node ref="U1" pin="2"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="3"/>
    </net>
    <net code="5" name="/SIG_OUT">
      <node ref="P1" pin="2"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="5"/>
      <node ref="U2" pin="2"/>
    </net>
    <net code="6" name="/CLOCK_IN">
      <node ref="R1" pin="2"/>
      <node ref="C1" pin="1"/>
      <node ref="U1" pin="1"/>
      <node ref="P1" pin="3"/>
    </net>
  </nets>
</export>

14.5.1. General netlist file structure

The intermediate Netlist accounts for five sections.

  • The header section.

  • The component section.

  • The lib parts section.

  • The libraries section.

  • The nets section.

The file content has the delimiter <export>

<export version="D">
...
</export>

14.5.2. The header section

The header has the delimiter <design>

<design>
<source>F:\kicad_aux\netlist_test\netlist_test.sch</source>
<date>21/08/2010 08:12:08</date>
<tool>eeschema (2010-08-09 BZR 2439)-unstable</tool>
</design>

This section can be considered a comment section.

14.5.3. The components section

The component section has the delimiter <components>

<components>
<comp ref="P1">
<value>CONN_4</value>
<libsource lib="conn" part="CONN_4"/>
<sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
<tstamp>4C6E2141</tstamp>
</comp>
</components>

This section contains the list of components in your schematic. Each component is described like this:

<comp ref="P1">
<value>CONN_4</value>
<libsource lib="conn" part="CONN_4"/>
<sheetpath names="/" tstamps="/"/>
<tstamp>4C6E2141</tstamp>
</comp>

libsource

name of the lib where this component was found.

part

component name inside this library.

sheetpath

path of the sheet inside the hierarchy: identify the sheet within the full schematic hierarchy.

tstamps (time stamps)

time stamp of the schematic file.

tstamp (time stamp)

time stamp of the component.

Note about time stamps for components

To identify a component in a netlist and therefore on a board, the timestamp reference is used as unique for each component. However KiCad provides an auxiliary way to identify a component which is the corresponding footprint on the board. This allows the re-annotation of components in a schematic project and does not loose the link between the component and its footprint.

A time stamp is an unique identifier for each component or sheet in a schematic project. However, in complex hierarchies, the same sheet is used more than once, so this sheet contains components having the same time stamp.

A given sheet inside a complex hierarchy has an unique identifier: its sheetpath. A given component (inside a complex hierarchy) has an unique identifier: the sheetpath + its tstamp

14.5.4. The libparts section

The libparts section has the delimiter <libparts>, and the content of this section is defined in the schematic libraries. The libparts section contains

  • The allowed footprints names (names use jokers) delimiter <fp>.

  • The fields defined in the library delimiter <fields>.

  • The list of pins delimiter <pins>.

<libparts>
<libpart lib="device" part="CP">
  <description>Condensateur polarise</description>
  <footprints>
    <fp>CP*</fp>
    <fp>SM*</fp>
  </footprints>
  <fields>
    <field name="Reference">C</field>
    <field name="Valeur">CP</field>
  </fields>
  <pins>
    <pin num="1" name="1" type="passive"/>
    <pin num="2" name="2" type="passive"/>
  </pins>
</libpart>
</libparts>

Lines like <pin num="1" type="passive"/> give also the electrical pin type. Possible electrical pin types are

Input

Usual input pin

Output

Usual output

Bidirectional

Input or Output

Tri-state

Bus input/output

Passive

Usual ends of passive components

Unspecified

Unknown electrical type

Power input

Power input of a component

Power output

Power output like a regulator output

Open collector

Open collector often found in analog comparators

Open emitter

Open collector sometimes found in logic.

Not connected

Must be left open in schematic

14.5.5. The libraries section

The libraries section has the delimiter <libraries>. This section contains the list of schematic libraries used in the project.

<libraries>
  <library logical="device">
    <uri>F:\kicad\share\library\device.lib</uri>
  </library>
  <library logical="conn">
    <uri>F:\kicad\share\library\conn.lib</uri>
  </library>
</libraries>

14.5.6. The nets section

The nets section has the delimiter <nets>. This section contains the "connectivity" of the schematic.

<nets>
  <net code="1" name="GND">
    <node ref="U1" pin="7"/>
    <node ref="C1" pin="2"/>
    <node ref="U2" pin="7"/>
    <node ref="P1" pin="4"/>
  </net>
  <net code="2" name="VCC">
    <node ref="R1" pin="1"/>
    <node ref="U1" pin="14"/>
    <node ref="U2" pin="4"/>
    <node ref="U2" pin="1"/>
    <node ref="U2" pin="14"/>
    <node ref="P1" pin="1"/>
  </net>
</nets>

This section lists all nets in the schematic.

A possible net is contains the following.

<net code="1" name="GND">
  <node ref="U1" pin="7"/>
  <node ref="C1" pin="2"/>
  <node ref="U2" pin="7"/>
  <node ref="P1" pin="4"/>
</net>

net code

is an internal identifier for this net

name

is a name for this net

node

give a pin reference connected to this net

14.6. More about xsltproc

Refer to the page: http://xmlsoft.org/XSLT/xsltproc.html

14.6.1. Introduction

xsltproc is a command line tool for applying XSLT style-sheets to XML documents. While it was developed as part of the GNOME project, it can operate independently of the GNOME desktop.

xsltproc is invoked from the command line with the name of the style-sheet to be used followed by the name of the file or files to which the style-sheet is to be applied. It will use the standard input if a filename provided is - .

If a style-sheet is included in an XML document with a Style-sheet Processing Instruction, no style-sheet needs to be named in the command line. xsltproc will automatically detect the included style-sheet and use it. By default, the output is to stdout. You can specify a file for output using the -o option.

14.6.2. Synopsis

xsltproc [[-V] | [-v] | [-o *file* ] | [--timing] | [--repeat] |
[--debug] | [--novalid] | [--noout] | [--maxdepth *val* ] | [--html] |
[--param *name* *value* ] | [--stringparam *name* *value* ] | [--nonet] |
[--path *paths* ] | [--load-trace] | [--catalogs] | [--xinclude] |
[--profile] | [--dumpextensions] | [--nowrite] | [--nomkdir] |
[--writesubtree] | [--nodtdattr]] [ *stylesheet* ] [ *file1* ] [ *file2* ]
[ *....* ]

14.6.3. Command line options

-V or --version

Show the version of libxml and libxslt used.

-v or --verbose

Output each step taken by xsltproc in processing the stylesheet and the document.

-o or --output file

Direct output to the file named file. For multiple outputs, also known as “chunking”, -o directory/ directs the output files to a specified directory. The directory must already exist.

--timing

Display the time used for parsing the stylesheet, parsing the document and applying the stylesheet and saving the result. Displayed in milliseconds.

--repeat

Run the transformation 20 times. Used for timing tests.

--debug

Output an XML tree of the transformed document for debugging purposes.

--novalid

Skip loading the document’s DTD.

--noout

Do not output the result.

--maxdepth value

Adjust the maximum depth of the template stack before libxslt concludes it is in an infinite loop. The default is 500.

--html

The input document is an HTML file.

--param name value

Pass a parameter of name name and value value to the stylesheet. You may pass multiple name/value pairs up to a maximum of 32. If the value being passed is a string rather than a node identifier, use --stringparam instead.

--stringparam name value

Pass a paramenter of name name and value value where value is a string rather than a node identifier. (Note: The string must be utf-8.)

--nonet

Do not use the Internet to fetch DTD’s, entities or documents.

--path paths

Use the list (separated by space or column) of filesystem paths specified by paths to load DTDs, entities or documents.

--load-trace

Display to stderr all the documents loaded during the processing.

--catalogs

Use the SGML catalog specified in SGML_CATALOG_FILES to resolve the location of external entities. By default, xsltproc looks for the catalog specified in XML_CATALOG_FILES. If that is not specified, it uses /etc/xml/catalog.

--xinclude

Process the input document using the Xinclude specification. More details on this can be found in the Xinclude specification: http://www.w3.org/TR/xinclude/

--profile --norman

Output profiling information detailing the amount of time spent in each part of the stylesheet. This is useful in optimizing stylesheet performance.

--dumpextensions

Dumps the list of all registered extensions to stdout.

--nowrite

Refuses to write to any file or resource.

--nomkdir

Refuses to create directories.

--writesubtree path

Allow file write only within the path subtree.

--nodtdattr

Do not apply default attributes from the document’s DTD.

14.6.4. Xsltproc return values

xsltproc returns a status number that can be quite useful when calling it within a script.

0: normal

1: no argument

2: too many parameters

3: unknown option

4: failed to parse the stylesheet

5: error in the stylesheet

6: error in one of the documents

7: unsupported xsl:output method

8: string parameter contains both quote and double-quotes

9: internal processing error

10: processing was stopped by a terminating message

11: could not write the result to the output file

14.6.5. More Information about xsltproc

libxml web page: http://www.xmlsoft.org/